Endocrine system or endocrine disruptor is not something we commonly hear or discuss about in our society. However, they both play a big role in humans. Many people have no insight of endocrine system or endocrine disruptor. The endocrine system is glands secreting different types of hormones that go directly into bloodstream to transfer information and instruction to one set of cells to another certain cells. Hormones are the body’s chemical messenger which regulates growth and development, body’s function, blood volume, metabolism and reproductive process and more (McAndrews & Wu, 2013). The negative effect of endocrine system is the endocrine disruptors which occur from man-made and natural chemicals that mimic as hormones or interfere during the process of hormones binding to cellular receptors cause adverse effects (Foster, 1998). The endocrine disrupting chemicals are surrounded among humans. It can be found in dietary food, food containers, plastic bottles, personal-care products, pharmaceutical drugs, clothing, furniture, and many more products around us (Smith & Lourie, 2009 p.33-68). This topic is very crucial because studies demonstrate serious harmful impacts from exposure to animals and evidence for dangers to human health are being found, people need to become aware, so that they can avoid and reduce their exposure.
Several animal studies provide adequate evidence that the exposure to endocrine disruptor chemicals(EDCs) causes adverse effect. According to Damstra, Barlow, Bergman, Kavlock and Kraak (2002), the EDCs cause subtle changes in wildlife’s sexual behaviour and physiology to permanently shift sexual physiology. Studies show most affected species are aquatic, but effects were observed also in terrestrial species. In mammals, Baltic seals show population decline from exposure to organochlorine(EDC) which affects its reproductive and immune function. In other words, exposure to EDCs increases estrogen in both male and female seals...
References: Damstra, T., Barlow, S., Bergman, A., Kavlock, R., & Kraak, G.V.D. (Eds.). (2002). Global assessment of the state-of the science of endocrine disruptors. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/new_issues/endocrine_disruptors/en/
McAndrews, J.M., & Wu, J. (2013). Introduction to the endocrine system part 2: Physiology. American Medical Writers Association Journal, 28(2), 51-56.
Foster, W.G. (1998). Endocrine disruptors and development of reproductive system in the fetus and children: is there cause for concern? Canadian Journal of Public Health, 89(2), 37-52.
Smith, R., & Lourie, B. (2009) Slow Death by Rubber Duck: How the Toxic Chemistry of Everyday Life Affects Our Health. Toronto, ON: Alfred A. Knopf Canada.
Vom Saal, F.S., & Hughes, C. (2005) An extensive new literature concerning low-dose effects of bisphenol A shows the need for a new risk assessment. Environ Health Perspect, 113(8), 926-933. doi: 10.1289/ehp.7713
Please join StudyMode to read the full document