What is known as the Endangered Species Act began in mid-1960. In order for the Fish and Wildlife Service to expand their efforts to protect endangered species, Congress enacted the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966. This Act did little more than allow a list of endangered species to be made. The Act did not prohibit the killing of endangered species or the destruction of their habitat.
The lack of legal protection for the endangered species led the Fish and Wildlife Service to convince Congress to enact a second endanger species act called the Endangered Species Conservation Act of 1969. This law prohibited the commercial trade of wildlife and wildlife products, but did not prohibit the killing of endangered species. The 1969 law led to the United States holding and international meeting in 1972 where the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (“CITES”) was drafted. The CITES treaty only dealt with the trade of endangered species, but it brought attention to the bigger issues that have caused their endangerment.
With environmental concern growing, both Congress and the Nixon administration were put on the task of expanding legislation to protect endangered species. (Bean, 2009). The implementation of the first Earth Day helped bring momentum to other environmental laws, including amendments to the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act, the Coastal Zone Management Act, and in 1973, The Endangered Species Act. (Bean, 2009). Having had only a few amendments in 1978, 1982, and 1988, the Endangered Species Act has essentially remained the same since 1973. There are two primary agencies that enforce the Endangered Species Act’s regulations, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection of land animals and freshwater...
References: Bean, M.J. (2009, April). The endangered species act: science, policy, and politics. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences,1162(), 369-91.
Defenders of Wildlife. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.defenders.org/endangered-species-act/endangered-species-act
Matsumoto, S., Pike, C., Turner, T., and Wan, R. (2003). Citizen 's Guide to the Endangered Species Act . : Earth Justice.
Texas Parks and Wildlife. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/landwater/land/habitats/cross_timbers/endangered_species/
Walters, J. R., Derrickson, S. R., & Fry, M. (2008). Status of the California Condor and Efforts to Achieve its Recovery
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