Empower Women

Topics: Millennium Development Goals, Gender, Gender equality Pages: 83 (21785 words) Published: September 13, 2013
Thematic Paper on MDG

3

PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN

2005

2000

2010
UNDP/John Olsson

FOREWORD
Iamextremelypleasedtointroducethissetof analyticalpapersontheMillenniumDevelopment Goals1.Thepaperswereproducedbythemember agenciesoftheUNDevelopmentGroupTaskForce ontheMDGs,workinginclusters.Eachpaperhadone ormoreleadagenciesandasetofmemberagencies insupport.TheTaskForcewasalsoabletodrawon theideas,experienceandadviceofaconsiderable rangeofotheragenciesandexperts,includingfrom Non-Governmental,academicandothersectors.A peerreviewprocesswasheldtomovetowardsthe finalversions,whichincorporateddetailedandrich discussionsontheideasgeneratedbythepapers. Inthiseffort,thecentralintentionoftheTaskForcewas totrytoidentifypromisingorsuccessfulexperiencesin countryeffortstomovetowardsthevariousGoals,and togainunderstandingofthefactorscontributingtothis progress.Thefocusofthepapersisthereforeonthe nationalandlocallevel;oncountry-led(ratherthanUN) efforts;andonarangeofimmediateandunderlying factorsthatappeartobeimportantoressentialin enablingprogressunderdifferingconditionsand countrycircumstances. Thepapersdonotpresentorrepresentformal,official UNpolicypositions.Rather,theyreflectthecollective analyticaleffortsoftheMDGTaskForce,asendorsed bytheUNDevelopmentGroup,inanefforttobring ideasandsuggestions,basedoncountryandfield experience,totheattentionofUNMemberStatesand developmentpractionerseverywhere.Wehopethat, assuch,thepapersprovideavaluablecontributionto thecontinuingdiscussionsonpolicies,programmes, advocacy,financingandotherconditionswhichare neededtoachievebroad-basedandsustained progresstowardsdevelopmentgoals,particularlyfor thepoorestandmostvulnerablepeopleandfamilies. AsChairoftheTaskForce,Iwishtothankand acknowledgetheverymanycolleaguesintheUnited Nationsandinmanyagenciesandcapacitiesbeyond, whocontributedwithconstantenthusiasmandgreat insighttothedevelopmentofthesepapers.Particular thankstomyCo-ViceChairsfromUNDPandFAO, andtoDebbieLandeyandallherteamatUNDOCO fortheirunfailingsupport.

RichardMorgan Chair,UNDGTaskForceontheMDGs DirectorofPolicyandPractice,UNICEF

1

ThesepaperscoverMDGs17.TheUN’sGapTaskForceissuesreportsandassessmentsonMDG8.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVESUMMARY.......................................................................................................... 1 2. INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................... 4 3. TRENDSINACHIEVINGGENDEREQUALITYANDWOMEN’SEMPOWERMENT ............ 7 . 4. ATHWAYSTOPROGRESSONGENDEREQUALITYANDWOMEN’S P EMPOWERMENT:ANALYSISOFSUCCESSFULFACTORSANDMEASURES ............... 10 . 4a.GenderParityinEducation............................................................................................ 10 4b.GenderParityinNon-AgriculturalEmployment.......................................................... 14 4c.GenderParityinPoliticalRepresentation.................................................................... 20 4d.Sexualandreproductivehealthandrights.................................................................. 22

5. CRITICALCROSS-CUTTINGGAPSIMPEDINGPROGRESSONGENDEREQUALITY... 26 6. RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................................................................................... 30 . REFERENCES.............................................................................................................................. 32 ENDNOTES...

References: 17 18
ILO. Global Employment Trends, 2010. Page 9
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