Table of Contents
Q.1) Use your understanding of employee relations to answer the following questions:
Critically examine the factors at play which determine the pay and conditions of •
London underground train drivers
Top company executives
"London tube drivers to strike on Boxing Day"(news.sky.com),"Rail strike cause festive chaos"(metro.co.uk) are just few of the headlines that have spread over leading newspapers in the UK. Since the late 2008, when recession took over the UK economy, the people have been dealing with various adversities which have made life very difficult for workers working in various sectors. In a world where the national average wage in the UK is around 26,000 pounds, London tube drivers have agreed a 10,000 pounds increase in their salary which takes their overall pay scale to a whopping 52,300 a year from an already mountable sum of 40,000(thisislondon.co.uk,2011) 3/4th of the UK population is envious with the fact that investment bankers get paid large sums of money in bonuses and other incentives. Barclays paid around 265,000 pounds bonuses which is astronomical amounts of remuneration compared to rest of the UK population. Then there's top executive on the other hand who claim their position is a very critical one as they're involved in significant decisions regarding the economy, have come scrutiny for getting paid large sums of money. In this economic insurgence, the two factors such as pay and behavior should be controlled to establish a successful economic structure. Unitarist, Pluralist and Conflict Perspectives
Organizational behavior can be assessed through various perspectives. Firstly, having to build cohesive unit with group members and maintaining a harmonious relationship within peers. Managers have the power and authority to control the activities and to foresee that all employees work towards the same goal for the organization (cipd.co.uk,n.d). In terms of tube drivers; they feel their pay rise is justified and all of the workers push towards achieving their goals. This explains the unitary approach shown by the London underground drivers concerning the pay increment. Pluralist approach looks to end the political warfare and management ownership. (Ed rose,2008 p27-29). Freedom to express and establish their own values and norms, pluralist perspective believes in power in the society and allocating responsibility. This approach exists in our modern day society that helps us understand employee relation. Conflicting views believes in change in the social aspects through conflicts. For things to change, conflict is necessary to take things ahead. Class conflict is created through the inequality of economics sovereignty within the society. (P Lewis,M Sanders,A Thornhill,2003; p17-21). Dunlop's Model of Industrial Relations
Jim Dunlop in the year 1950 established three agents or actors which are located within an environment confined by various aspects such as technology, product markets, labor and distribution of power. this aspect have an effect on individual and the work surroundings (industrialrelations.naubribub.com, n.d).The guidelines and process is important in understanding the normality of the economy and to analyze the pay determination. There are various markets that operate in those sectors. Hence, it is also significant to understand the mechanism. An ideology is created through industrial relations. It also shares body of beliefs and ideas concerning the roles of the actors and the interrelation which helps bind the system together. Jim Dunlop argued that, '' the establishment of procedure and rules is the center of attention of an industrial relation system, the establishment and administration of these rules is the major concern or output of the industrial relations...
References: Rose, E. (2008) Employment Relations. 3rd ed. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited, p.27-29
Lewis, P., Thornhill, A., & Saunders, M. (2003). Employee relations: understanding the employment relationship. Harlow, England, Financial Times Prentice Hall, p.17-21
Barbash, J., & Barbash, K. (1989). Theories and concepts in comparative industrial relations. Columbia, S.C., University of South Carolina Press, p.157
Tosi H, Werner S, Katz and Gomez-Mejia L (2000)
Beer, P. D., & Schils, T. (2009). The labour market triangle: employment protection, unemployment compensation, and activation in Europe. Cheltenham, UK, Edward Elgar, p.81-84
Sky News (2013) London Tube Drivers To Strike On Boxing Day. [online] Available at: http://news.sky.com/story/1026561/london-tube-drivers-to-strike-on-boxing-day [Accessed: 26 Mar 2013].
Tahir, T. (2012) Tube and rail strikes set to cause festive travel misery. [online] Available at: http://metro.co.uk/2012/12/17/tube-strike-london-underground-drivers-to-stage-walkouts-on-boxing-day-and-in-new-year-3319819/ [Accessed: 27 Mar 2013].
The Employee Relationship.(2013) Untitled. [online] Available at: http://www.cipd.co.uk/NR/rdonlyres/E148D57B-4C8F-4108-B22E-75CE4C9D46C8/0/tssihrmchap11.pdf [Accessed: 29 Mar 2013].
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