For this assignment I will be explaining how five life factors may have an impact on the physical, intellectual, language, emotional and social development of Yvette. The five life factors are: Genetic, biological, environmental, socio- economic and lifestyle. In this assignment I will also be discussing the nature-nurture debate in relation to the development of Yvette and how nature and nurture may affect the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of two stages of the development of Yvette. Genetic
Genetic factors are inherited from generation to generation Genetic factors are used to analyse how a disease progresses through a family by looking at if there is a specific genetic composition to the disease. Down's syndrome is a genetic chromosome problem. Someone with Down's syndrome has an extra copy of chromosome twenty one in their cells. All people with Down's syndrome have a various degree of learning disabilities. They are also at increased risk of having other medical problems such as heart problems, speech problems and weight problems. Down's syndrome may be detected prenatally or postnatally. It cannot be cured but treatment and support can help someone with Down's syndrome to lead an active life. Yvette was born with Down’s syndrome and it would have been inherited by her mum. There are many physical defects that may affect an individual with Down’s syndrome. The most common defects of Down’s syndrome are: Flat facial features, with a small nose
Small, abnormally shaped ears
Upward slant to the eyes
Low muscle tone
Extra space between the big toe and the second toe
People with Down syndrome often experience a gradual deterioration in their cognitive ability as they age, usually starting around age fifty plus. Down syndrome is also associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease. When Yvette was born she was kept in a hospital until she was nine years old and her mother found it hard to meet the needs of Yvette’s additional needs therefore she had very little education. Yvette also has learning difficulties. These two factors will affect her intellectual or cognitive development. Down’s syndrome can also cause intellectual impediments such as: i. microcephalie
iii. learning difficulties
iv. Poor short term memory
v. Inability to grasp instructions
vi. Failure to learn from the consequences of their actions vii. Mixing reality and fiction
viii. Poor problem solving and planning
ix. Poor coordination.
A slow rate of productive vocabulary development is common in those with Down’s syndrome and their grammatical and lexical development will be acquired a lot slower. A common physical implication of Down’s syndrome is that they may have an enlarged tongue therefore a speech impediment. Yvette will probably have a slower grammatical and lexical development because of her learning difficulties and her tongue may be slightly enlarged therefore may suffer with either a stutter or speech impediment. People with Down’s syndrome may experience a lot of emotional complications throughout their life. For example someone with Down’s syndrome may experience depression, anxiety, loneliness and some may have anger problems. Yvette lost her parents when she was thirty five this will have a huge emotional impact on her life and may have caused depression and even anger from losing family members. When she was sixty her heart condition progressed and become more serious and she was advised to go into residential care; however Yvette did not want to do this as she is frightened about moving back into a residential home. This will cause Yvette to become worried, upset and stressed about the situation. Yvette’s mother did not take Yvette out into the community this will cause Yvette to feel lonely, depressed, stressed and possibly disengaged from society. Individuals with Down syndrome all differ widely in their social skills, communication...
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