Emergency Operations Plan

Topics: Emergency evacuation, Emergency management, Civil defense Pages: 9 (3438 words) Published: May 30, 2014
Brownsville Emergency Operations Plan
Brownsville Texas is located in approximately 30 miles from the Gulf of Mexico and it is vulnerable to a major hurricane like Hurricane Katrina that devastated much of Louisiana in 2005. During Hurricane Katrina many of the things when wrong because emergency leaders were because, emergency managers were not prepared for the after mass of the hurricane. It is important for a city to have a structured Emergency Operations Plan in place in the event of a major hurricane. This will help make emergency operations run smooth and emergency managers make important decisions. Hurricanes are measured in Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. This gives the hurricane a rating of 1 to 5 based on its sustained wind speed (NOAA, 2013). The rating is also based on the amount of damage a hurricane can create once it makes land fall. For example “any storm that reaches a sustained wind speed of 74-95 miles per hour (mph) is considered a category 1 hurricane” (NOAA, 2013). Any hurricane that reaches a sustained wind speed of 111-129 mph is category 3 hurricane and it falls in a major hurricane category. Category 3 hurricanes and higher are considered the most dangerous and have the potential to create the most damage (NOAA, 2013). 1.Purpose of the plan

The purpose of this plan is to establish an Emergency Operation Plan (EOP) that will provide guild lines and procedures for emergency managers in the event of a major hurricane in the South Texas area. The Emergency Operations Plan will show the vulnerabilities of the City of Brownsville, major concerns that city managers have, contact information for local hospitals, Fire Department, Police Station and it will also help emergency managers coordinate operations with local, State and Federal Agencies. It will also indicate the location of the Emergency Operations Center (EOC) and the Unified Command Center. The EOC leader or manager will have complete command and control of all emergency operation, before, during and after the hurricane has made landfall in the city of Brownsville. The EOC will be the primary base of operations throughout the disaster. This means that all emergency operations will be coordinated through the EOC and all emergency managers and team leaders will report to the EOC, as soon as they arrive on scene and before any operations start. The EOP will establish a chain of command that will be followed by all agencies and private organizations involved in emergency operations. This will include all local, State and Federal agencies assisting or participating in the EOP. The EOP will also indicate the locations of the primary and secondary EOC. The secondary location for the EOC will be used in the event that they primary location of the EOC is damaged during the hurricane and can no longer be safely used to conduct emergency operations. The EOP will also indicate who will participate in the emergency operations and what role they will have throughout emergency operations, before, during and after the hurricane. This will help emergency managers better utilize the resources that will be available to them. This will also help emergency managers plan and execute emergency operations in a safe and protective manner. The goal of the emergency plan is to provide as much information as possible to the community before the hurricane makes land fall. During and after the hurricane mission is to save as many lives as possible. This will be done through conducting emergency operations, providing medical care to the injured and by establishing temporary shelters to people that have had to evacuate their homes. 2.Situation

Brownsville, Texas is located in South Texas and is a city that is approximately 30 miles from the Gulf of Mexico. The cities or communities along the Gulf of Mexico coast line are vulnerable to a potential hurricane during hurricane season. Hurricane season normally starts on June 1st...

References: Reagan, M., (2014, April 10) Early hurricane outlook predicts light season. The Brownsville
Herald
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (2013) A hurricane is a type of storm called a
tropical cyclone, which forms over tropical or subtropical waters
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (2013) Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind
Scale
Texas Department of State Health Services (2013) State (ESF-8) Emergency Management Plans.
Retrieved from http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/commprep/planning/documents.aspx
City of Brownsville (2001) Public Works
South Carolina Emergency Management Department (2013) Annex I To Hurricane Plan General
Population Shelter
Texas Department of Transportation (2014) Hurricane Information. Retrieved from
http://txdot.gov/inside-txdot/division/traffic/safety/weather/hurricane.html
Texas Department of Public Safety (2013) State of Texas Emergency Management Plan.
Retrieved from www.txdps.state.tx.us/.../planState/annexHurricane.pdf
Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http://www.rand.org/pubs/conf_proceedings/CF176.html
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (2004) The 9/11 Commission
Report. Retrieved April 20, 2014, from http://www.9-11commission.gov/report/911Report_Exec.htm
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