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Emergency Medical Monitoring System Essay

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Emergency Medical Monitoring System Essay
Integration of biomedical devices for continuous, real time and automated patient monitoring emergency system

System objectives

Emergency medical situations require responders to effectively care for patients with limited personnel and medical infrastructure, often under intense time pressure.

In large-scale medical emergencies, emergency medical service (EMS) officers coordinate ambulatory transportation for victims, while relying heavily on information from responders in the field. EMS may need critical up to date information and procedures in order to structurally respond to the situation.

Rapid and accurate triage (counting and sorting) of patients is a critical step in the response process. Paramedics perform initial triage by attaching colored triage tags to patients with color assignment based on respective priority. The medics call their EMS officers and report the patient count so EMS can
…show more content…
Monitoring packs used by responders during routine ambulance runs provide the required updates but can only track vital sign trends of a single patient.

On the other hand, bedside-monitoring systems used in hospitals can track multiple patients but require mainframe-computing systems that are not suitable for field use.

We propose a wireless electronic triage, with multiple biomedical sensors (EKG, pulse oximetry, non-invasive blood pressure) and integrated location sensors to yield continuous, automated, real-time patient monitoring. These devices transmit data over ad-hoc mesh networks to a patient monitoring computer.

Each device is constructed with inexpensive electronic hardware and operates on software suitable for embedded systems with limited memory and computational power.

Medical disaster relief personnel can benefit from our automated triage system because it is portable and yields data in real

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