Theories of Personality Quiz
Part I: Defense Mechanisms (4 points each)
Read the following descriptions of behavior and match them with the appropriate defense mechanism. Use each choice only once.
H. Reaction formation
1. __G____ When Bob is turned down for the job of his dreams, he decides that it was not really such a good thing and that he is actually glad he did not get the job.
2. __D____ After a very tough day at school, Bill finds his car is stolen. He reports it and gets on the train to go home after an hour delay in the cold. When he gets on the train he starts a fight with the conductor because he gave him the wrong change.
3. __H____ John, is attracted to Emily, but he teases her and makes fun of her.
4. __A____ Mark became upset at work and he had a 10-minute temper tantrum.
5. __B____ When a hostile delinquent believed that a stranger he met on the street was about to attack him, he knifed the person without provocation.
6. ___C___ A parent believes that a recently deceased child is going to call any minute to explain why they are late.
7. ___E___ Sam is sometimes described as a very angry person, but he never acts out and hurts people. However, he really enjoys playing football every Saturday.
8. ___F___ Susan cannot remember the name of her third-grade teacher who humiliated her in front of the whole class.
Part II: Matching (2 points each)
You can use the names more than once.
A. Alfred Adler
B. Henry Murray
C. Karen Horney
D. Erich Fromm
1. __A__ Early memories or recollections
2. __C__ Need For safety
3. __D__ Hoarding personality
4. __A__ Inferiority feelings
5. __C__ Idealized self-image
6. _A___ Birth order
7. __B__ Personology
8. __C__ Basic anxiety
9. _A___ Social interest
10. _B__ Developed the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Part III: Short Answers (8 points each)
Answer six of the following short-answer questions.
1. What is standardization?
Standardization is consistency throughout a situation, action and/or scenario. With conducting Personality Tests, the Test Conductor should be a Psychologist or it should be administered through a testing center. The Personality Test must be the same as others used and conducted at the same time with the same instructions
2. What is the principle of opposites?
The “Principle of Opposites” presented by Jung demonstrates there is an opposite to an action, personality and/or behavior in physical energy.
3. Describe the shadow.
The term “Shadow” is defined as the opposite action and/or personality of an individual. For example; an individuals shadow can be evil when the individual is kind on the outside. It has been described as the “ego” of conscious self opposite of a unconscious self.
4. Name and describe two of Alder’s four styles of life.
The “Youngest Child” tends to be a high achiver who is in need of more attention than the older siblings. They view older siblings as if they were mentors and has the need to be the same or better than them.
The “Only Child” is the center of attention and is close to parents and family members and does not have to face competition like the youngest child. There is always attention at home with family but at school or other events, the only child find they are not always the center of attention.
5. Karen Horney talked about ways that parents could treat their children to make them feel secure, and ways they could treat them to make them feel insecure. Give examples of each.
Parents could treat their children negatively by acting out anger on them, beatings and not paying attention or ‘basic hostility’ and ‘parental indifference’ to them which would make them feel insecure. Ways parents could make their children feel secure is by taking time to spend with their...
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