ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY
Your essay must have a purpose, which has clearly defined and effectively communicated. This is the focus of your essay. Your essay must fulfil the requirements for the purpose it is trying to accomplish. In addition, your work must be well balanced; you should neither do too much in the essay, nor mark your goals too limited and inconsequential. Also, the needs, interests and expectations of your readers should be considered and met. 2. Content
Considering your controlling purpose, you ought to discover whether there is adequate support and whether your essay development fulfils the commitment started or implied by the controlling purpose. What supporting details or evidence you have provided and how adequate they are is equally important. All your details, evidence, or counter arguments should not only relate clearly to your controlling purpose, but should have the purpose of strengthening the essay. 3. Organization
Both the focus and content are strengthened and enhanced by the organization of the essay, which must follow an overall organization strategy. You may want to test the effectiveness of such strategy by outlining or summarizing your essay. The organization of your essay must follow logically the commitment established by your controlling purpose. You must insure that your readers will be able to follow the organization and easily make sense of it. Furthermore, you should ask yourself whether or not your introduction and your conclusion could more effectively open and close your essay. ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY
This is the time and location in which a story takes place. For some stories the setting is very important, while for others it is not. There are several aspects of a story's setting to consider when examining how setting contributes to a story (some, or all, may be present in a story). a. Place – Where is the action of the story taking place?
b. Time - When is the story taking place?
c. Weather Conditions - Is it rainy, sunny, stormy, etc?
d. Social Conditions - What is the daily life of the characters like? e. Mood or Atmosphere - What feeling is created at the beginning of the story? Is it bright and cheerful or dark and frightening? 2. Plot
The plot is how the author arranges events to develop his basic idea. It is the sequence of events in a story or play. The plot is a planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end. The short story usually has one plot so it can be read in one sitting. There are five essential parts of plot: a. Introduction - The beginning of the story where the characters and the setting is revealed. b. Rising Action - This is where the events in the story become complicated and the conflict in the story is revealed. c. Climax - This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story. The reader wonders what will happen next; will the conflict be resolved or not? d. Falling action - The events and complications begin to resolve them. The reader knows what has happened next and if the conflict was resolved or not. e. Denouement - This is the final outcome or untangling of events in the story. 3. Conflict
It is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move. Conflict is not merely limited to open arguments; rather it is any form of opposition that faces the main character. Within a short story there may be only one central struggle, or there may be one dominant struggle with many minor ones. There are two types of conflict:
a. External - A struggle with a force outside one's self.
b. Internal - A struggle within one's self; a person must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet their temper, resist an urge, etc. There are four kinds of conflict:
a. Man vs. Man (physical) - The leading character struggles with his physical strength against other men, forces of nature, or animals. b. Man vs. Circumstances (classical) - The leading...
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