Pakistan is a country which Has been blessed with all natural resources by Allah Almighty. For the past few years we are facing electricity crisis because the demand of electricity is being more than the production. We have 20 organization including government and private which produce electricity for example WAPDA (Water and Power Development Authority), KESC (Karachi Electric Supply Company), IPPs (Independent Power Procedures), and PAEC (Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission). Electricity primary produced from hydropower. Objective:
Although we have all of the natural resources and nuclear power but we are facing load- shedding. Electricity is one of the most important, which plays a vital role in the progress of any country. Our economy largely depended on electricity. And we are unable to meet our basic needs so how can we progress and compete with other countries. Background:
Few years back, in 1996 Pakistan has the ability to produce 1500 MW electricity which was more than enough to meet our needs. WAPDA and KESC are responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity throughout the Pakistan. A decade back we have only increased from 1000 to 2000 MW which shows our poor leadership and mismanagement. Load shedding effects on the rest of the economy. Thesis statement:
Causes of electricity crisis in Pakistan are due to poor technology, corruption and lack of funds. Methodology:
To check our hypothesis and topic, we have conducted a survey. Our sample consists of 10 question and we conduct it from 30 students and teachers. Their ages are ranging from 18-40 years. Our sample is well divided in 15 males and 15 females. Findings:
Pakistan is using Poor Technology in the production of electricity. Electricity is mostly being produced in Pakistan through "Hydrel Power Plant". In Hydrel Power Plant, two methods are used such as: 1. Dams
2. Run of the river projects
These both methods are based on the water. When water flows through turbine, electricity is produced. Now it is dependent on water and it stores water from raining and the melting of glaciers.
This water is also used for irrigation purposes in summer. If there will be lack of raining and glaciers will not melt then there will be shortage of water and Hydrel power plants will be unable to produce any electricity. The electricity which is supplied from grid stations to houses and buildings through wires have become old and we have to face the loss of 15 to 20 percent of electricity only because of this poor quality wiring. Once electricity is supplied through the main point ( grid station) then it has to face hurdles at different points because the wires has been used so much that they are unable to transfer maximum amount of electricity to the houses and large amount of energy is being wasted by them. The infrastructure is old and deteriorated. The system is unable to sustain extreme weather conditions hence most of the grids shut down at extreme temperature or either completely stops working. Our every dam that is Warsak, Mangla and Tarbela dams have become old that they can't store water in large quantity and they are unable to produce enough electricity for domestic use even. These dams are out of date now. Lack of funds: is another big reason of this power crisis.
The governments of Pakistan do not have enough funds so that they can make new dams to fulfill the requirement of electricity. This is because companies from different parts of the world do not make any investment in Pakistan due to which Pakistan cannot make money and the government of Pakistan has to face a gigantic crisis in their funds. When the budget is made, a very small amount of money was secured for this production of electricity due to which new projects can't be made. We have insufficient technical school for training people how to produce electricity and how to use modern technology. We are mainly dependent on oil, gas and water for...
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Multiple bar chart of our survey
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