electricity

Good Essays
Introduction
In Nigeria, there are several power generating plants of different types, in different locations, with different capacities, and different modes of operation.
A power station or a power generating plant is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power. At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating machine that converts mechanical power into electrical power by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on which fuels are easily available, cheap enough and on the types of technology that the power company has access to. Most power stations in the world burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas to generate electricity, and some use nuclear power, but there is an increasing use of cleaner renewable sources such as solar, wind, wave and hydroelectric.
Types of power generating plants
Electricity can be generated using the kinetic energy of water, heat energy of the sun and coal, or from the nuclear energy released from the fission of nuclear fuel.
Nuclear Power Plants

Nuclear power plants work on the chemical process of fission. Nuclear reactors are used to generate electricity. Fission is a type of nuclear reaction in which, when the atoms of certain elements called nuclear fuels absorb free neutrons, they split into two or more small nuclei and some free neutrons. In the process, large amount of energy is released. The free neutrons further strike the atoms of other fissile materials, thus setting off a chain reaction. The energy released from this chain reaction is harnessed to generate electricity.

Thermal Power Plants

These power plants generate electrical energy from thermal energy (heat). Since heat is generated by burning fossil fuels like coal, petroleum, or natural gas, these are also collectively referred to as the fossil fueled power plants. Coal power plants were the

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Electricity

    • 724 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Electricity what is it? Electricity is also known as electrical energy which is the flow of moving electrons. Electrons are from atoms which have three different components with different charges. There are protons with a positive charge, neutrons with a neutral charge, and electrons with a negative charge. But the negatively charged electrons are useless if they don’t have a circuit to travel on. A circuit is a system that is made of three different components and they are: an energy source…

    • 724 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Electricity

    • 2788 Words
    • 12 Pages

    ELECTRICITY - A Secondary Energy Source A Secondary Source The Science of Electricity How Electricity is Generated/Made The Transformer - Moving Electricity Measuring Electricity energy calculator links page recent statistics A SECONDARY SOURCE Electricity is the flow of electrical power or charge. It is a secondary energy source which means that we get it from the conversion of other sources of energy, like coal, natural gas, oil, nuclear power and other natural sources, which are called primary…

    • 2788 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Electricity

    • 902 Words
    • 4 Pages

    ELECTRICITY MR.ROBINSON Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge. Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current. In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves. In electricity, charges produce electromagnetic fields which act…

    • 902 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    electricity

    • 491 Words
    • 2 Pages

    dependent on electricity, it seems, virtually, impossible to think if we can ever live without it. When an hour or so of load-shedding, especially on a hot summer day, can make us fret and fume and curse the whole system, what would happen, if this great boon is taken away from us forever? The whole life would come to a grinding halt, forcing all of us to experience the dull, dark, boring and uneventful period of the stone-age. As a matter of fact, to conceive of a life without electricity is, virtually…

    • 491 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Electricity

    • 676 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Study Guide, Chapter 8: Production and Distribution of Electricity Essay Questions: 1. Where are the big electric power plants in your state and what type of fuel do they use1? What is the primary fuel source used overall in your state? Massachusetts hosts three liquefied natural gas import terminals, one at Everett and two offshore of Gloucester (my hometown). Massachusetts generated 68 percent of its electricity from natural gas and 11 percent from coal in 2011. http://www.eia…

    • 676 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Electricity

    • 575 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Electrical Current An electric current is a flow of electrical charge. When a metal conducts electricity, the charge is carried by electrons moving through the metal. Electrons are subatomic particles with a negative electrical charge. When a solution conducts electricity, the charge is carried by ions moving through the solution. Ions are atoms or small groups of atoms that have an electrical charge. Some ions have a negative charge and some have a positive charge. Citric Acid Citric acid is…

    • 575 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    electricity

    • 8675 Words
    • 102 Pages

    There are a number of independent power producers that contributes significantly in electricity generation in Pakistan. For years, the matter of balancing Pakistan 's supply against the demand for electricity has remained a largely unresolved matter. Pakistan faces a significant An Overview of Electricity Sector In Pakistan challenge in revamping its network responsible for the supply of electricity. Due to an unrealistic power tariff, high inefficiencies, low payment recovery and the…

    • 8675 Words
    • 102 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Electricity

    • 403 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Introduction: Now-a-days electricity has become quite-common in the world. Everybody sees the wonderful work of electricity. The lights on the streets are lit by the electric current. Electric fans work in the court, high court and office-rooms. Trains and trams are run by the electric power. So, electricity is no longer a strange thing. Discovery of electricity: About six hundred years back the people of Asia Minor and Greece had a very crude idea of electricity. Next, the American Scientist…

    • 403 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    “IF THERE IS NO ELECTRICITY” To think of life without electricity is almost impossible today. Electricity provides all the comforts of life. We find ourselves completely helpless and feel its importance whenever power fails or when the supply is irregular. We curse the government for its failure to supply uninterrupted electric supply. In case of no electricity our life would be totally different. We will have to use earthen lamps, lantern or candle-light instead of electric bulbs and tubes…

    • 295 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Electricity

    • 356 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Lightning - Each bolt can contain up to one billion volts of electricity - Electrical discharge is caused by an imbalance between positive and negative charges in the atmosphere - Colliding particles of rain, ice, or snow increase this imbalance and often negatively charge the lower reaches of storm clouds - Objects on the ground, like steeples, trees, and the Earth itself, become positively charged - A step-like series of negative charges, called a stepped leader, works…

    • 356 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays