electricity

Topics: Electricity generation, Nuclear power, Hydroelectricity Pages: 23 (8675 words) Published: August 15, 2014
Executive Summery
The power sector in Pakistan is a mix of hydel and thermal units dominated by two vertically integrated public sector utilities that are Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) for all of Pakistan except Karachi, and the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC) for the City of Karachi and its surrounding areas. There are a number of independent power producers that contributes significantly in electricity generation in Pakistan. For years, the matter of balancing Pakistan's supply against the demand for electricity has remained a largely unresolved matter. Pakistan faces a significant

An Overview of Electricity Sector
In Pakistan

challenge in revamping its network responsible for the supply of electricity. Due to an unrealistic power tariff, high inefficiencies, low payment recovery and the inability of the government to manage its subsidies mechanism that lead to a serious “circular debt” issue which is becoming a barrier for future energy sector investment.

The economy is badly affected by electricity crisis with loss of huge capital. The solution to the current crisis lies in energy conservation at all level in the country. The use of alternate energy such as wind and solar power could be utilized to immediately reduce the shortages, while electricity projects from coal and large dam could provide a long-term solution to the electricity shortage. However, China, Iran, India and Tajikistan, Germany, Qatar, Kuwait and some other countries have been offering to export electricity to Pakistan to overcome the growing electricity crisis.

ISLAMABAD CHAMBER OF COMMERCE & INDUSTRY
CHAMBER HOUSE: Aiwan-e-Sanat-o-Tijarat Road, Mauve Area, Sector G-8/1, Islamabad, Tel: + 92-51-2250526-2253145, Fax: +92-512252950, E-mail: icci@brain.net.pk, Website: www.icci.com.pk

Abbreviations
WAPDA
KESC
PEPCO
LESCO
GEPCO
FESCO
IESCO
MEPCO
PESCO
HESCO
QESCO
TESCO
SEPCO
GENCO
NTDC
IPP
AEDB
PAEC
PEPCO
NEPRA
PPA
PSO
RPP
DISCO
CPP
EPP
JEWG
CTGPC
NesPAK
CASA
HVDC

Water and Power Development Authority
Karachi Electric Supply Company
Pakistan Electric Power Company
Lahore Electric Supply Company
Gujranwala Electric Supply Company
Faisalabad Electricity Supply Company
Islamabad Electricity Supply Company
Manpower Export Placement Corporation
Peshawar Electric Supply Company
Hyderabad Electric Supply Company
Quetta Electric Supply Company
Tribal Electric Supply Company
Southern Electric Power Company
Central Power Generation Company
National Transmission & Despatch Company
Independent Power producers
Alternative Energy Development Board
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
Pakistan Electric Power Company
National Electric Power Regulatory Authority
Power Purchase Agreement
Pakistan State Oil
Rental Power Plants
Power Distribution Companies
Capacity Purchase Price
Energy Purchase Price
Joint Energy Working Group
China Three Gorges Project Corporation
National Engineering Services Pakistan
Central Asia South Asia
High Voltage Direct Current

Table of Contents
Ch.#1
1.1
1.2.
1.3.
1.4
1.5
1.5.1
1.5.2

Electricity in Pakistan
Background
Pakistan Electricity Sector Structure
Sources of Electricity in Pakistan
Total Install Capacity
Electricity Consumption
Annual Electricity Consumption
Sectoral Consumption of Electricity

Ch.#2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5

The role of Independent Power Producers (IPPs)
IPP industry in Pakistan
Contractual framework of IPPs
List of IPPs
Risks faced by IPPs
Problems of IPPs

Ch. # 03: HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
3.1
Hydro power Potential in Pakistan
3.2
Hydro power Projects
3.3
Advantages and disadvantages of hydroelectric power
3.4
Non-Functional hydroelectric power units
Ch.# 04: Rental Power Plants
4.1
Status of RPPs
4.2
Government expenditures on RPPs
4.3
Reasons behind non-operational RPPs
Ch.#05: Electricity Tariff Mechanism
5.1
Tariff determination among DISCOS
5.2
The IPP...

References: Private Sector Power Generation Projects in Pakistan, 2010.
Major issues in Pakistan’s Economy BY. A.Hamid Shahid(2005-2008 Edition)Statistical
bureau of Pakistan PEPCO

Pakistan Economic Survey, 2010-11
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