El Consejo de Los Dioses (The Council of the Gods) is an allegorical play written in 1879 by our national hero Jose Rizal. It was first published in Liceo Artistico Literario de Manila review in 1880, latterly in La Solidaridad in 1883. In December 1900 this was translated in Tagalog. This version was adapted into sarswela by Pascual H. Poblete and published in El Comercio de Filipinas. Hucapte made arrangements for the staging in 1915 afterwards, in 1961 it was edited with a prologue by Astrana Maria in El Cervantismo de heroe Filipino Rizal. Nick Joaquin translated the play in English. The play won the first prize award in a 1880-1881 literary contest commemorating the death of Cervantes sponsored by the Liceo Artistico Literario de Manila. “I enter the future remembering the past”, Rizal's epigraph for the award. This is considered as the most sensuous of Rizal's writings, reveals his magnificent showy side as hispanist and classicist.
Jupiter, the Roman chief of the Gods, is planning to give three grandiose gifts (a golden lyre, trumpet, and a golden crown made of laurels) – crafted by Vulcan – to a mortal who did best in literature. Juno, Jupiter’s wife, suggests Homer, the writer of “Iliad”. Meanwhile, Venus, thegoddess of beauty, recommends Virgil, author of “Aedes.” On the other hand, Minerva (goddess of wisdom) goes for Cervantes, author of “Don Quixote.” With this disagreement, the other gods were also supposed to fight but were stopped by Jupiter by allowing Justice (a goddess not found in the original Roman lineup yet introduced by Rizal in his allegory) to weigh the circumstances without any bias in her balance. She weighed the “Aedes” with the “Iliad” and found them equal. The same goes with “Don Quixote.” With this, Jupiter decided to give the lyre to Virgil, the trumpet to Homer, and the laurels to Cervantes.
TWO OTHER ARTICLES FOR DIARYONG TAGALOG: 1.”Revista de Madrid”(Review of Madrid) 2. “Los Viajes” (Travels) DIARYONG TAGALOG-1st Manila bilingual newspaper written in two text: 1. Spanish-Rizal 2. Tagalog-M.H. del Pilar The 1st nationalistic essay he wrote in the soil of Spain under his pen-name LAONG LAAN. 1. “EL AMOR PATRIO”(Love of Country) 2. While sojourning in Barcelona, Rizal received sad news about the cholera that was ravaging Manila and the provinces. Many people had died and more were dying daily. Sad news from the Philippines was the chatty letter of chengoy recounting the unhappiness of Leonor Rivera, who was getting thinner because of the absence of love one.Manila moves to Madrid 3. He also took private lessons in (GERMAN,FRENCH, He studied painting and sculpture at Academy Fine Arts of San Fernando. 2 courses enrolled—Medicine and Philosophy and Letters. Life in Madrid He enrolled at Universidad Central de Madrid(Central University of Madrid) & ENGLISH) 4. 2 reasons why suddenly backed out with Consuelo: • • 1. he was still engaged to Leonor Rivera 2. his friend and co-worker in the Propaganda Movement EDUARDO DE LETE was madly in love with her. A La Senorita C. O. Y P.(To Miss C. O. Y P.) a lovely poem he wrote for her. Romance with Consuelo Ortiga y Perez 5. A sad poem which he personally declaimed during the New Year’s Eve. A poem requested by the members of the society. Rizal joined Circula Hispano-Filipino(Hispano-Philippine Circle) which is a society of Spaniards and Filipino. They Ask Me For Verses(Me Piden Versos) 6. He was deeply affected by this 2 books: • 1. Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin • 2. Eugene Sue’s The Wandering Jew • (this 2 books aroused his sympathy for the oppressed and unfortunate people. He was able to build a fair-sized private library. He purchased 2nd hand book store owned by Senor Roses. Rizal as Lover of Books 7. He was deeply affected by this 2 books: • 1. Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin • 2. Eugene Sue’s The Wandering Jew • (this 2 books aroused his sympathy for the oppressed and unfortunate people. He was able to build a fair-sized private library. He purchased 2nd hand book store owned by Senor Roses. Rizal as Lover of Books
A Translate.com Guest asked:
Amor Patrio” ang kanyang kauna-unahang isinulat na propaganda na ipinadala sa dyaryong tagalog “Ang pag-ibig sa tinubuang Lupa”. Si Ferdinand Blumentritt, isang banyaga at nagsilbing kuya ni rizal, isang Aleman mula sa Germany si Blumentritt. isa rin siyang punong-guro sa isang paaralan sa Litomerice. Ipinanganak siya sa Praha sa isang pamilya ng mga Alemang Sudeten at ang isa sa mga pinakanangungunang dalubhasa sa Pilipinas noong kaniyang panahon. Sa kanya natagpuan ni Rizal ang tunay na pagkakaibigan sa kabila ng mag-kaibang lingguwahe, sakanya rin pinababatid ni Rizal ang bawat saloobin niya sa lahat ng ngyayari sa bansang Pilipinas lalong lalo na ang ginagawang pang-gigipit ng mga kastila sa kanyang pamilya. Hanggang sa naisulat niya ang El Filibusterismo at Noli Me Tangere na nglalayon sa pag-bubukas ng mga mata at ulirat ukol sa pagpapahirap sa mga kapwa Filipino niya. Hanggang siya ang sintensyahan ng kamatayan. Mahahalintulad ku ang Pluma at sa tatag ng tinta nito sa buhay at mga tala ni Rizal, dahil tulad ng pluma na sa oras na malapat sa mga papel ay habambuhay na itong nakasulat. Tulad nalang ng mga isinulat ni Riza na siyang nag-sanhi sa ating mga ninuno upang ipag-laban an gating kalayaan, mga karapatang pang-tao, karapatang mabuhay nang patas at Malaya mula sa mga mananakop na kastila. Ipinakikita dito na kung marahil ay wala si rizal at ang kanyang mga tala at reporma ay marahil siguro ay nasa ibabaw parin tayo ng kapangyrihan ng mga kastila at iba pang mananakop. ➡
Translate.com Guest was given:
Amor Patrio "his first written propaganda sent Tagalog newspaper" The love of native Land ". Ferdinand Blumentritt, a foreign and served as Rizal's elder brother, a German from Germany add Blumentritt. He is also one of the principal at a school in Litomerice. He was born in Prague to a family of Sudeten German and one in the Philippines pinakanangungunang expert in his time. Rizal found her true friendship across to Kaibang language, of him as Rizal pinababatid each his thoughts all ngyayari in the Philippines especially makes long-Spanish gigipit of his family. Until he wrote El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere to nglalayon to opens eyes and consciousness about the suffering of his fellow Filipino. Until he sintensyahan death. Be compared KU's pen and ink reconstruction of its life and notes of Rizal, because like stylus that is applied during the lifetime of this paper was written. As NALANG Riza's writings that he who caused our ancestors to make our shield, against freedom, human rights, fairness and the right to live free from the invading Spanish. Show here that probably do not add Rizal and his notes and reform is perhaps maybe we still atop of authority of the Spanish and other invaders.