Egyptian civilization

Powerful Essays
INTRODUCTION

Ancient Egypt - a land of mysteries. No other civilization has so captured the imagination of scholars and laypeople alike. Mystery surrounds its origins, its religion and its monumental architecture: colossal temples, pyramids and the enormous Sphinx. The Egyptian pyramids are the most famous of all the ancient monuments, the only remaining wonder of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Egyptian civilization in northeastern Africa that dates from the 4th millennium bc. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets.

The Egyptians also believed that the body and soul were important to human existence, in life and in death. Their funerary practices, such as mummification and burial in tombs, were designed to assist the deceased find their way in the afterworld. The tombs were filled with food, tools, domestic wares, treasures -- all the necessities of life -- to ensure the soul's return to the body so that the deceased would live happily ever after.

The most imposing tombs are the famous pyramids, shaped like the sacred mound where the gods first appeared in the creation story. These were incredibly ambitious projects, the largest structures ever built. Their construction was overseen by highly skilled architects and engineers. Paid laborers moved the massive limestone blocks without the use of wheels, horses or iron tools. The conscripts may have been motivated by a deep faith in the divinity of their leaders and a belief in immortality.

Just as life arose from the waters of the primeval sea, so the waters of the Nile gave birth to the pharaonic kingdom. A gift to the people of Egypt, the longest river in the world flows north from the heart of Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. Its flood plain was an extensive oasis, a magnet for life -- human, plant and animal. Humans were drawn there because they could grow crops and settle into

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Egyptian Civilization

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Egyptian Civilization is one of the oldest in the world. It grew up in the fertile lands along the River Nile over 5000 years ago. Egypt is known as “the gift of the Nile,” because the river’s annual flood deposits rich black soil on the flat land. The Egyptians called the fruitful river valley Kemet, “the black land”. The Nile is flanked by deserts and the Egyptians called these barren lands deshret, “the red land.” Religion: Priests- The pharaoh was the high…

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Egyptian Civilization

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages

    There are a number of civilizations wrapped up in the history of the world. Among those lies one prominent, The Egyptian Civilization. Today’s people may associate Ancient Egypt with huge pyramids, heavy slave labor or even the popular movie “The Prince of Egypt”. However, the reality is, very few people know the real make up of this empire or that this civilization holds great weight in Black History because it originated in Africa. Some believe it to be a place of chaos and brutality, while others…

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Egyptian Civilizations

    • 501 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Ryan Burris HIS 121 (I2) Spring- 2014 Module 2 Egyptian Civilizations January 31, 2014 Egyptian Civilizations In the reading, "Justice for Everybody in Imperial Egypt", the legal system of Imperial Egypt viewed people differently. It is believed that Egyptian law was based on a common sense view of right and wrong, following the codes based on the concept of Ma'at. Ma'at represented truth, order, balance and justice in the universe. This was the highest conception of physical and moral law…

    • 501 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Egyptian Civilization

    • 8925 Words
    • 36 Pages

    Biomaterials 21 (2000) 2529}2543 Sca!olds in tissue engineering bone and cartilage Dietmar W. Hutmacher Laboratory for Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Engineering Science, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260, Singapore Abstract Musculoskeletal tissue, bone and cartilage are under extensive investigation in tissue engineering research. A number of biodegradable and bioresorbable materials, as well as sca!old designs…

    • 8925 Words
    • 36 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Ancient Egyptian Inventions Wednesday, 16 September 2009 Egyptian civilization was born on the banks of the Nile in 3150 BC, when the upper and lower Egypt were united under the rule of the first Pharaoh. Egyptians were intelligent people who made inventions in almost every corner of life, which made them the longest lived civilization. Although normally the Egyptian civilization is associated with the pyramids and mummies, the Egyptians actually created numerous inventions that have made…

    • 779 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Mesopotamian and Egyptian Civilizations The ancient Near East captured much of the region between modern day England and Western Asia, including much of Northern Africa and Mesopotamia. From this domain, arose early civilizations that made significant contributions that paved the way to how we live our lives today. Two very distinct civilizations arose from the Neo-lithic period that initiated the basis for a great many people’s political structure, religion, society, and culture. Mesopotamian…

    • 929 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alejandra Fraguada Ancient & Medieval Western Civilization Contributions of Egyptian Civilization Ancient Egyptians were the first to use and invent linen, glass, ink and paper. They were the one who invented the alphabet, Geometry, clock and the calendar. They were the first to contribute to the refinement of dress and ornament. They introduced to us to the furniture, dwellings and to build magnificent buildings. Egypt contributed to that of human knowledge, invention, and scientific discoveries…

    • 845 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Sheque Philbert Contribution of Egypt Civilization GEHS 4020 The Ancient Egyptian civilization is the oldest and most influential world civilization. Egypt contribution to human knowledge, invention, and scientific discoveries surpasses any other country including Mesopotamia, India and China. Ancient Egyptians were the first to invent and use glass, linen, paper and ink. They invented the calendar, clock, Geometry and the alphabet. They were…

    • 293 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    1.Timeline of Ancient Egyptian civilization: c. 5000 BC: The coming of farming to the Nile Valley c. 3500-3000: The Pre-dynastic period, leading to the unification of Egypt c. 2650: The beginning of the Old Kingdom c.2575-2465: The Great Pyramids of Giza built c. 2150: The fall of the Old Kingdom leads to the 1st Intermediate period begins 2074: The Middle Kingdom begins; Egypt is united and powerful again 1759: The fall of the Middle Kingdom leads to the 2nd Intermediate period…

    • 1524 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Ancient Egyptian Civilization The Growth of Egyptian Civilization Egypt has been called “the gift of the Nile.” Without this mighty river, all Egypt would be desert, for it receives little rainfall. Heavy spring and summer rains at the source of the Nile once caused the river to overflow regularly each July. The yearly flooding of the Nile made it possible for Neolithic farmers to grow crops in the valley. The flood waters brought moisture to the dry land and also left behind a layer of rich…

    • 991 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays