Egyptian Art: Sakhmet

Topics: Sekhmet, Ancient Egypt, Ra Pages: 3 (892 words) Published: March 8, 2014

Friday, October 4, 2013 Art 100 Sakhmet
I recently went to the Brooklyn Museum of Art to view the Egyptian gallery on the third floor. Out of all the beautiful statues I viewed I had to choose one so I chose “The Bust of The Goddess Sakhmet”. The statue was made out of Granodiorite. I could not find what exact tools were used to carve the statue but many historians believed that small, manually turned drill bits and chisels were used to carve the statue. Some archaeologists, diamond-mounted bronze engraving instruments were used. The archaeologist came to this conclusion based on hieroglyph samples at Giza, which showed clear and deep cuts in diorite and granite. Sakhmet is an Egyptian, African sun goddess whose name means “The Powerful One”. Sakhmet reigned over Egypt from 1390 - 1352 B.C.E. It’s said she was known to have always been draped in red garments hence another one of her many nicknames was “Red Lady”. The symbolism of her red garments, were from the blood of her conquered enemies. Her name is derived from the Egyptian word "Sekhem" (which means "power" or "might") and is often translated as the "Powerful One". She is depicted as a lion-headed woman, sometimes with the addition of a sun disc on her head. Her seated statues show her holding the ankh of life, but when she is shown striding or standing she usually holds a scepter formed from papyrus (the symbol of northern or Lower Egypt) suggesting that she was associated primarily with the north. However, some scholars argue that the deity was introduced from Sudan (south of Egypt) where lions are more plentiful. It was said that her breath formed the desert. She was seen as the protector of the pharaohs and led them in warfare. Sakhmet was associated with the goddesses given the title "Eye of Re" she wore a sun-disk and cobra on her brow, identifying her as the daughter of...
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