AP World History
19 September, 2014
Egypt and Mesopotamia: Comparing and Contrasting (Final Draft) Around 6,000 years ago, the ingredients necessary for civilization began to form independently from one another in several different places around the Earth. Two of the most famous and foremost of the early civilizations were Egypt and Mesopotamia. Egypt and Mesopotamia were fundamentally different in their religious beliefs and slightly different in their formation of city states versus unified states, however they were incredibly similar in their formation of science and language.
Egypt and Mesopotamian religious beliefs were vastly different. One reason for this having to do with their geography. A primary reason we have religion is to explain things science does not yet understand, and people used religion at the time to explain the flooding of the Nile and Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Thus, the people of Mesopotamia had reason to believe the universe was hectic and unorganized and there was little to look forward to in the afterlife that being the unpredictable nature of the flooding of their vital rivers. On the contrary, in Egypt where the Nile river provided a consistent flooding and the geographic setting was all around very beneficial, they believed that the universe was good and just and this was reflected in their religious beliefs. They thought the afterlife was good and if you did good things in life you would be rewarded. Its no surprise for that these reasons religion was also a much bigger deal to Egyptians than to Mesopotamians.
Egypt and Mesopotamia were formed very differently, one by the slow unification of many city states and the other by the almost direct formation of a unified nation state. Early in its history Mesopotamia was a dozen or so independent city states in the southern TigrisEuphrates ...
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