Egypt and Mesopotamia

Better Essays
Kate Ward
Per. 3
9/11/13
River Valley civilizations were the first to occur throughout time. Two of the most advanced were Egypt and Mesopotamia. Although both had a male dominant government that was supported by a patriarchal king or leader, Egypt had a strong, centralized government whereas Mesopotamia was decentralized and was based upon small city-states operating independently. To add, Egypt was also classified as self sufficient rather than Mesopotamia who relied on trade because of unstable agriculture. Due to Egypt surpassing Mesopotamia in areas such as governmental structure, self sufficiency, and cultural traditions, Egypt proves to be the more advanced society. Environmental and geographical factors highly influenced both Egyptian and Mesopotamian society. Both civilizations had periodic flooding occurring nearby. This could be viewed in both a positive and negative outlook, but unfortunately for Mesopotamia, residents had to deal with the Tigris and Euphrates River which caused irregular flooding and this then resulted in unstable agriculture, making the Mesopotamians come up with other ways to make things all the more convenient. Egypt on the other hand, had to deal with the Nile River which affected the civilization in a much more positive manner. Egyptians had the capability to predict when the Nile would flood. Due to the Nile’s predictable, annual flooding, agriculture benefitted from this because fertile soil was now available which led to the growth of crops and gave farmers and idea of when the time was best to pick their crops. Agriculture then flourished across the region and caused a surplus of food thus resulting in Egypt being self-sufficient as opposed to Mesopotamia who relied and depended on the trading of goods and other resources with other regions. Furthermore, natural barriers also affected the civilizations in various areas. Mesopotamia had few which again, was a disadvantage because there was always the constant worry of

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Mesopotamia and Egypt

    • 1376 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The early civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt were very similar, but they were also different in some ways. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt developed their civilizations centered on rivers, but these rivers were polar opposites. Mesopotamia was between two rivers called the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Egypt’s civilization developed around the Nile River. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers differed from the Nile River. The Nile River was calm, and the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers were wild and very unpredictable…

    • 1376 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Egypt and Mesopotamia

    • 1082 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Ryan Bowman 8/19/2012 AP World History 3rd Similarities/Differences of Mesopotamia and Egypt Mesopotamia and Egypt have many similarities and differences in many aspects. Though regionally close, Egypt and Mesopotamia had many differences, such as social structure and government structure. While both civilizations differed as in social structure of their society and government structure; they also had similar aspects as in cultural development. Comparing the two, they both had close advances…

    • 1082 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Egypt and Mesopotamia

    • 445 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Egypt and Mesopotamia have both similarities and differences; one aspect that was very different between Egypt and Mesopotamia was the government. In Egypt, they had just one leader, the pharaoh. Egypt would have needed this strong central government for projects such as organizing and overseeing of the pyramid buildings. The early Mesopotamians used a city-state type government. Each area was controlled by its own political and economic center. Each area was a separate political unit. The social…

    • 445 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    mesopotamia and egypt

    • 256 Words
    • 2 Pages

    AP World History Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt both shared many distinct qualities amongst their civilizations. For example, their polytheistic beliefs as well as a similar social structure. These two civilizations differed in numerous modes, including political authority and geography. Mesopotamian civilizations settled along the Tigris-Euphrates Rivers. Egyptians settled along the Nile River. Both of these civilizations used their rivers as a natural resource to survive. Agriculture was…

    • 256 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mesopotamia and Egypt

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Egyptian (in modern day Egypt) civilizations flourished around 3500 BCE. They were River Valley civilizations that thrived on agriculture. During their reign, they were very prosperous and shared similarities and differences. Differences between them were that Mesopotamia’s environment hindered their civilization in warfare and agriculture while Egypt’s environment strengthened it and in their patriarchy society, women were treated more as equals to men in Egypt than in Mesopotamia. They were similar…

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Egypt and Mesopotamia

    • 527 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Carmen Fajardo Professor Xia History 1 Midterm 1. The Polis is a community of free persons making up a town. Each polis is a political and cultural unit, but is a distinct “Greek” culture. The two poleis that dominated Greek life and politics in the classical age were Athens and Sparta but differed greatly in their conceptions of the good life for their citizens. Athens was the center of Greek educational, artistic, and scientific activity, and was the birthplace of democracy. Sparta was a…

    • 527 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Egypt & Mesopotamia Essay

    • 504 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Although both Egypt and Mesopotamia had 3 social classes, same gender roles, and an economy was based on agriculture, they differ in many ways such as the political structure, where Egypt was ruled by pharaohs, and Mesopotamia was ruled by an emperor. In this essay, I will start with the similarities between the two civilizations, and then state the differences between the two civilizations. I will be focusing mainly on the economy, social structure, and gender roles for similarity, and religion…

    • 504 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mesopotamia vs. Egypt

    • 471 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia had some similarities as well as diffrencecs. Mesopotamia ran from the 3500-529 B.C.E which included the Sumerian period, Akkadian period, Babylonian period, Kassite period, and Assyrian period. Ancient Egypt lasted from 3200-663 B.C.E through the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom, and Late Period (Cunningham, Reich). Both of these civilization's geographical conditions played a major role in their ascension, and decline. They both had great…

    • 471 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Mesopotamia VS Egypt

    • 307 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Mesopotamia VS Egypt In discussing the ancient world, many aspects in ancient Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt seem to be different and similar in different ways. Mesopotamia and Egypt differ in the way their kings govern and the social standings of woman. But were the similar in how religion played a big part in their lives. Mesopotamians kingship difference from Egypt in the way they governed. In Mesopotamia kings were the representatives of the gods. Also in Mesopotamia kings followed Hammurabi’s…

    • 307 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Lindsay Evans AP World Euro Fourth Block Friday August 27, 2010 Egypt and Mesopotamia Compare Contrast Essay Ancient Mesopotamia went through many different empires that shared similar parts cultural traits, where as Egypt went through several different rulers, but only a few dynasties. Mesopotamia lied in between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, and its main empires existed from 1650 BCE to around 330 BCE. The ancient Egyptian empires went through four main phases: The Archaic Period (3100-2600…

    • 899 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays