Effects on the Use of Computers

Topics: Potassium, Kidney, Sodium Pages: 3 (675 words) Published: February 27, 2013
1. A female client is admitted with a diagnosis of acute renal failure. She is awake, alert, oriented, and complaining of severe back pain, nausea and vomiting and abdominal cramps. Her vital signs are blood pressure 100/70 mm Hg, pulse 110, respirations 30, and oral temperature 100.4°F (38°C). Her electrolytes are sodium 120 mEq/L, potassium 5.2 mEq/L; her urinary output for the first 8 hours is 50 ml. The client is displaying signs of which electrolyte imbalance? A. Hyponatremia 

B. Hyperkalemia 
C. Hyperphosphatemia 
D. Hypercalcemia

 Assessing the laboratory findings, which result would the nurse most likely expect to find in a  client with chronic renal failure?
A. BUN 10 to 30 mg/dl, potassium 4.0 mEq/L, creatinine 0.5 to 1.5 mg/dl  B. Decreased serum calcium, blood pH 7.2, potassium 6.5 mEq/L  C. BUN 15 mg/dl, increased serum calcium, creatinine l.0 mg/dl  D. BUN 35 to 40 mg/dl, potassium 3.5 mEq/L, pH 7.35, decreased serum calcium Which drug would be least effective in lowering a client’s serum potassium level? A. Glucose and insulin 

B. Polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) 
C. Calcium glucomite 
D. Aluminum hydroxide
13. A nurse is directed to administer a hypotonic intravenous solution. Looking at the following labeled solutions, she should choose A. 0.45% NaCl 
B. 0.9% NaCl 
C. D5W 
14. A patient is hemorrhaging from multiple trauma sites. The nurse expects that compensatory mechanisms associated with hypovolemia would cause all of the following symptoms EXCEPT A. hypertension 

B. oliguria 
C. tachycardia 
D. tachypnea
A client suffering from acute renal failure has an unexpected increase in urinary output to 150ml/hr. The nurse assesses that the client has entered the second phase of acute renal failure. Nursing actions throughout this phase include observation for signs and symptoms of A. Hypervolemia, hypokalemia, and hypernatremia. 

B. Hypervolemia, hyperkalemia, and hypernatremia. 
C. Hypovolemia, wide fluctuations in...
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