Effects on spanish conquest of the Americas

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Hernán Cortés Pages: 4 (1840 words) Published: May 21, 2015
The combination of prolonged warfare, exploitation, disease and the spread of Catholicism gradually asserted Spanish dominion over the indigenous population in America, who nonetheless survived and endured both the conquest and 300 years of colonial rule. Due to Spanish pestilence and wholesale slaughter the Native American population was decimated. Committed by Royal decree, Spanish conquistadors converted their New World indigenous subjects to Catholicism. Once Native Americans were scattered Spanish conquistadors subdued and exploited them.  Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus and continuing for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand its borders across half of South America, most of Central America, the Caribbean Islands, and much of North America (including present day Mexico, Florida and the Southwestern and Pacific Coastal regions of the United States). Two milestones of the conquest were the invasion and control of Aztec and Incan Empires. The Spanish conquest of Mexico or generally understood to be the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (1519–21) began in February 1519. It was completed on August 13, 1521 when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcala warriors, led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger, captured the emperor Moctezuma in Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire (Today Mexico City). In South America, after years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, 168 Spanish soldiers under Francisco Pizarro and their native allies captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa in the 1532 Battle of Cajamarca. It was the first step in a long campaign that took decades of fighting but ended in Spanish victory in 1572 and colonization of the region as the Viceroyalty of Peru.  Spanish conquistadors imposed their technological superiority and benefited from pestilences when engaging native populations in warfare. They imposed the catholic faith overrunning their culture and exploited them to...
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