Effects on behaviour

Topics: Fast food, Tour de Georgia Pages: 32 (18226 words) Published: October 21, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exploring fast food consumption behaviours 
and social influence 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Submitted in full requirement for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy   

Emily Brindal 
B. Psych (Honours) 

 
 
 
 
 
Faculty of Health Sciences, the University of Adelaide, South Australia  School of Psychology; School of Medicine  
 
 
NOBLE Research Group; CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia   
 
April 2010

–  Contents  – 
 
–   List of Tables  – _______________________________________________________________________________________ v  –   List of Figures – ______________________________________________________________________________________ vi  –  Overview of Chapters  – ____________________________________________________________________________ vii  –  Summary  – _________________________________________________________________________________________ viii  –  Declaration  – __________________________________________________________________________________________ x  –  Acknowledgements  – _______________________________________________________________________________ xi   

 
1  Chapter One: Obesity, changing eating patterns and fast foods _____________________________  1  1.1  Obesity ____________________________________________________________________________________________1  1.1.1  Global increase in obesity rates _______________________________________________________________2  1.1.2  Direct and indirect consequences of obesity _________________________________________________4  1.1.3  Energy equilibrium: An explanation for obesity _____________________________________________5  1.2  Eating patterns and changing diets _____________________________________________________________7  1.2.1  The increase in the consumption of meals prepared away from the home and  nutritional implications  ______________________________________________________________________________7  1.3  Understanding fast food consumption _________________________________________________________9  1.3.1  Defining fast foods _____________________________________________________________________________9  1.3.2  Fast food consumption in Australia  ________________________________________________________ 13  _

1.3.3  The fast food consumer ______________________________________________________________________ 16  1.3.4  Why do people consume fast food? _________________________________________________________ 17  1.3.5  Underlying reasons for the shift toward ‘convenience’ foods ____________________________ 19  1.4  Fast food and obesity __________________________________________________________________________ 21  1.4.1  Fast food consumption, weight gain and obesity: A review of existing studies _________ 22  1.4.2  Energy density: How fast food may promote overconsumption _________________________ 28  1.4.3  Meal deals: How fast food environments may encourage consumption _________________ 30  1.5  Summary of literature _________________________________________________________________________ 31  1.6  Objectives of the current research  ___________________________________________________________ 32  _

2  Chapter Two: A study of the current macronutrient profile of fast food in Australia  __ 34  2.1  Methods  ________________________________________________________________________________________ 35  2.1.1  The construction of ‘traditional’ fast food meals  __________________________________________ 36  2.1.2  Healthier alternatives ________________________________________________________________________ 37  2.1.3  Nutritional calculations ______________________________________________________________________ 37  2.2  Results __________________________________________________________________________________________ 38  2.3  Discussion ______________________________________________________________________________________ 42  2.3.1 ...


References: Figure 5: Feunekes et al.’s (1995) tested model of social facilitation. NB. Numbers next to arrows 
represent path/beta values ____________________________________________________________________________ 61 
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