Effects of World War Two
Marie A Spicer
June 2, 2013
What were the effects of World War Two? Well there were quite a few, I will concentrate on 3 of them and explain their effects. World War II was the worst war we have ever seen, we lost many lives, woman entered the work force, and we became a super power. September 1939 and September 1945 it is estimated that more than 50 million people died. How did the war effect woman? The war also was an enormous step for women's rights supporters. Because of the war, the government of every country drafted men to serve in the army. Men were called to war leaving the woman behind to fill their shoes. The War Manpower Commission, a Federal Agency was made to increase the manufacturing of war materials, they had the job of convincing women into taking employment vital to the war effort. Most seem eager due to the fact that their wage would be higher. Men did not like the idea of woman taking their jobs and, women had to change their ways of thinking about working outside the home as well. It was a big change for everyone involved but a much needed one. Women left their laundry and vacuums behind and ventured into unknown territories. Woman needed to take control and take a stand and do what they could to help in a time of war. I can’t even imagine the stress being separated from their families and not knowing what was to come, but they stood together and they conquered. Women took over for men in factories and shops. They changed their clothing from fancy wear to pants and overalls. Many of the woman took on job they never fathomed they could do, but they did and did their jobs well. It affected woman by giving them jobs great pay and many liked this also giving them new freedoms, some even met husbands. There were many towns across the nation that felt a positive economic lift due to the demand for manufactured war materials. Mobile Alabama was the one that was affected the most. An estimated ninety-thousand people came into the Mobile to work in the local war factories, the attraction was mainly due to the workyards (Gulf Shipbuilding and Alabama Dry Dock and Shipbuilding) or in the ALCOA factory. The ALCOA plant alone would produce more than a third of the nation’s aluminum, a metal used for the manufacturing of airpcraft., without the women, these factories would have never been so successful as they turned out to be. Woman kept them going and made a name for themselves as hard workers. When the war was over, many women returned home, as they were relieved from their positions. Some were allowed to stay on but a drop in pay was to come as the men were back and they wanted women to go home. Most women’s husband’s wanted their wives back in the kitchen so to speak. Their jobs were given back to the men. However, there were lasting effects. Women had proven themselves, they had shown that they could do a man’s job, and do it well. Women found a place in the workforce in the decades to come. What people didn’t see right away was that these woman having nothing to really spend their money on during the war had saved it and were now able to purchase homes by using the money saved as a down payment for a mortgage. This help launch the great wealth of the 1950s. I believe that this was an important step for woman, I truly believe this was a stepping ground to give woman a voice to show men that woman can do anything she sets her mind to and that we don’t just belong in the home. A very big deal, a very good outcome in the years to come. Women were also very important in entertainment. “The two most famous female entertainer of the war were Vera Lynn (now Dame Vera Lynn) and Gracie Fields. Vera Lynn's singing ("There'll be blue birds over the White Cliffs of Dover" and "We’ll meet again, don’t know where, don’t know when") brought great happiness to many in Britain. She was known as the "Forces Sweetheart". Gracie Fields...
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Harvard University Press GI Jews : How World War II Changed a Generation Moore, Deborah Dash: Cambridge, MA, USADate Published: 2004
Plowright, J. (2007). The Causes, Course and Outcome of World War Two. New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillian
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