Effects of Substance Abuse on Mental Health

Powerful Essays
Substance related disorders

Definitions and terms Use This is when a person drinks alcohol or swallows smoke, sniffs or injects a mind altering substance. Abuse This is when a person is using alcohol or drugs for the purpose of intoxication or in the case of prescription for purpose beyond their intended use. Dependence It is the continuing use of alcohol or drugs despite adverse consequences to ones physical, social and psychological wellbeing Addiction This describes that state when the person experiences severe psychological and behavioral dependence on drugs or alcohol Withdrawal effects These are the adverse physical and psychological symptoms that occur when a person ceases using a substance Detoxification It is the process of safely or effectively withdrawing a person from an addictive substance usually under medical supervision Relapse This is the reoccurrence of alcohol or drug dependent behavior in an individual who has previously achieved a maintained abstinence for a significant time beyond the period of detoxification Intoxication It is the psychological and physical effects of the substance which h disappear when a substance is eliminated Tolerance The state in which repeated administration leads to decreasing the effects

Dependence syndrome A person is said to have dependence syndrome they experience three of the following characteristics in the past twelve months 1. a strong desire of compulsion to take the drug 2. difficulty in refraining from using the substance, stopping using it or limiting the amount taken 3. a physiological withdrawal state when substance use has stopped or been reduced 4. Evidence of tolerance a state in which an increasing dose of the substance required to produce the effects originally produced by lower dose. 5. Persistence use of the substance despite clear



References: 1. Fontaine K. L., Fletcher J. S. (1995). Essentials of Mental Health Nursing (3rd Ed.). California: Wesley Nursing. 2. Barlow D. H., Durand V. M. (2002). Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 3rd Edition, Canada: Wadswoath 3. Gelder M., Mayou. R. (1999). Psychiatry (2nd Ed.). New York: Oxford. 4. Njenga.F. (2003). The British Journal of Psychiatry; Focus on Psychiatry in East Africa. At http://www.bjp.repsyc.org retrieved on 18th February 2009. 5. Henry G. (2007). Psychology. New York: W. W. Norton Publishers. 6. Ndetei D. M (2001). The walk towards the promise: a view of mental health in Global, Kenyan and individual perspectives, University of Nairobi: department of psychiatry. 7. Ndetei D. M. (1980) Psychiatry in Kenya, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 62, 201-211.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Substance Abuse And The Effects Of Substance Abuse Substance abuse is seen as maladaptive and not considered dependant but can lead to dependency with certain drugs. There is a huge range of drugs such as alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, benzodiazepines and opiates. Some of these drugs are illegal in some countries and regions and can lead to criminal prosecution if caught in possession or under the influence of them. Public health practitioners have undertaken many studies into drug abuse from…

    • 1212 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Running Header: Emerging Technology in Substance Abuse/Mental Health 1 Telemedicine in Adolescent Substance Abuse Gregory Butler Soc 120: Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility Instructor: Michael Pankras Technology has allowed the world to operate totally different from the past. New emerging technology has made it possible for providers to be in one area or region of the world and provide care to patients in another area or region of the world in real time. Teleconferencing…

    • 2090 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    prevalence of mental illness and substance abuse disorders among the Pacific Islanders, with specific reference to Fiji as the study population. INTRODUCTION: In order to discuss mental illness we first have to know what mental health is. Mental health is basically the well being of our cognitive functions as well as our emotional status including how we think, feel and behave. For some people mental health means the absence of mental infirmities. Mental health also determines…

    • 991 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Life Skills in Substance Abuse and Mental Health Treatment School of Advanced Studies, University of Phoenix Wesley Tyler Meredith Ward Substance Abuse and Mental Health Treatment Recidivism relates to a person repeating an undesirable behavior after they have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior, or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior (Henslin, 2008). Progress being made in families and individuals due to lack of life skills that lead to causal factors…

    • 894 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Substance Abuse and Addiction a Mental Illness “A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease” is the World Health Organization’s (WHO, 2012) well known definition of health. It is understood that health is referring to one’s physical state however it is also unnoticed that mental state is also a determinant of health. The general public has little or no knowledge about mental illness, as it is often a sensitive subject. Furthermore, mental illness…

    • 3761 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    RESEARCH OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND NURSING A major health problem in the United States is substance abuse. Substance abuse is the misuse of, illegal drugs, alcohol, inhalants prescription drugs, and other substances that change how the mind and body work. Drugs that are most commonly abused are alcohol, nicotine, marijuana, amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, opium alkaloids, and synthetic opioid. These drugs are either excessively used or not used for its intended purpose. Substance abuse transcends…

    • 2435 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Substance Abuse

    • 4270 Words
    • 18 Pages

    CASE SUBST STANCE A CASE STUDY OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE DEPRESSION AND DEPRESSION by Damian Carey The author, engaged in the pursuit of Mental Health CONTENTS Page Introduction Introduction History Case Histor y Aetiology Pathogenesis Oriental Medicine Diagnosis, Aetiology and Pathogenesis Treatment Oriental Medicine Treatment Aetiology Treatment Western Medicine Aetiology and Treatment Research Discussion Conclusion References 1 1 2 2 4 6 7 8 9 ~1~ INTRODUCTION…

    • 4270 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Substance Abuse can also cause a person to become homeless. These addictive disorder can develop strains on a person’s relationship with their families and work, resulting in loss of homes and jobs. According to the National Coalition for the Homeless, they explain that substance abuse can be a cause of homelessness, but can also be a result of it as well. If a person becomes homeless, they may turn to drugs and alcohol to cope with their issues. They continue to explain that survival is a top priority…

    • 130 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Substance abuse

    • 7621 Words
    • 31 Pages

    Group, LLC ISSN: 0279-1072 print / 2159-9777 online DOI: 10.1080/02791072.2013.763560 Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents: How are Family Factors Related to Substance Use Change? Karine Bertrand, Ph.D.a ; Isabelle Richer, Ph.D.b ; Natacha Brunelle, Ph.D.c ; Isabelle Beaudoin, Ph.D.d ; Annie Lemieux, M.Sc.e & Jean-Marc Ménard, M.A.f Abstract — Parental involvement in adolescents’ substance abuse treatment is highly recommended, even though the mechanisms explaining how this favors…

    • 7621 Words
    • 31 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Substance Abuse

    • 1803 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Effects of substance abuse Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes. Medline 's medical encyclopedia defines drug abuse as "the use of illicit drugs or the abuse of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are indicated or in a manner or in quantities other than directed." Generally, when most people talk about substance abuse, they are referring to the use of illegal drugs. Most…

    • 1803 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays