Effects of depression

Topics: Suicide, Mental disorder, Anxiety Pages: 8 (1211 words) Published: September 23, 2014


Effects of Depression and Anxiety among College Age Students Dorinda Jones
Mesa Community College
Understanding Death and Dying
PSY 156
Lauren Meyer
August 28, 2013
Effects of Depression and Anxiety among College Age Students Abstract
Across the country in our colleges there is no question that anxiety and depression are at an all-time high, it has been argued that depression has double in numbers and the suicide rates has tripled according to (Jerald Kay M.D.) the last 15 years. It has been explained by clinicians the average age is between 18-24 years old with some form of a mental disorder. There is an estimated that 75% of individual’s will develop anxiety disorder by the age 22 years old, according to the ADAA report. In the 2006, (American College Health Association) 45% women and 36% men were so depressed that it was so hard to function on a daily basis. College wasn’t the first time an episode of depression or anxiety was bought up to the primary care provider for some students. Some of the college students can make poor choices when it comes to drugs and drinking because of the lack of confidence sad but true, 45 % of college binge drink while around 21% are abusing prescribing drugs or illegal drugs.

Men and Women Deal with Depression Differently:
Men are more likely to:
Turn to drugs/alcohol
Eat less and lose weight
Sleep less
Become irritable
Become prone to sudden anger
Lose emotional control
Take unnecessary risk
Behave aggressively
Acknowledge a loss of interest in work & hobbies
Successfully commit suicide
Women are more likely to:
Feel guilty, sad, helpless
Sleep more
Eat more & gain weight
Attempt suicide (but usually fail)
Women can experience depression twice as often as men. 12% of women experience clinical depression sometime during their life, compared to men, the suicide rates among men is much higher than that of women; people with depression have greater chances of having heart attacks than those without depression.

(These signs and symptoms usually begin approximately 3 months of a stressful life event such as leaving for college but Depression or Anxiety can occur at any time). Seeing a clinician to have labs done to making sure these symptoms are not related to a Thyroid, Iron or Vitamin deficiency would also be great to rule out.

Student will face a great deal of stress factors when it comes to starting college. One is being away from home on their own for the first, making new friends, roommates, lifestyle changes, culture shock, and alternative ways to think, getting around a new city etc. This is very overwhelming for the students. I hear this all the time from the students at Health Services at the where I work. Another increase for depression and anxiety we see is the stress to please their parents and don’t fail them or a bad breakup. Some of the college students can make poor choices when it comes to drugs and drinking because of the lack of confidence sad but true, 45 % of college are binge drink while around 21% are abusing prescribing drugs or illegal drugs.

121 million people worldwide suffer from depression (World Health Organization) 18 million of these cases are happening in the United States. (NIMH) Between 20% and 50% of children & teens struggling with depression have family history of this struggle and the offspring of the depressed parents are more than a 3 times as likely to suffer from depression also developing a substance abuse problem (NIMH) Depression often co-occurs with anxiety disorders and substance abuse, with 30% teens with depression also developing a substance abuse problem. (NIMH) 2/3 of those suffering from depression is the never seek treatment. Untreated depression is the number one cause of suicide, and suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death among teens and college age students. (NIMH) Each year only 10% of Americans who need alcohol/drug treatment get help Expert estimate that 4% of the...

References: HealthMinds-Provided by APA (2012) has information on mental health, prevention, symptoms and treatments, also tips for student and parents. apa@psych.org
Ulifeline (2013) A project of the Jed Foundation
Half of Us (2008) Inspirational interviews with artists and athletes and info on mental health access to the screening tool.
The Jed Foundation (2013) Research on mental health and suicide prevention for parents, students, and colleges.
CampusCalm (2013)
If you know anybody in crisis for suicide please reach out call 911 or 1-800-Suicide.
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