The Effects of Deportation on Children
Life is a struggle for U.S. born children who have undocumented parents. The Immigration Law in America is undeniably broken and has emotionally impacted the lives of many Hispanic families, mostly the children. Since the Senate passed the Immigration Reform bill and sent it to the house, more than 75,000 children have had one or both parents deported. According to an estimate by the Pew Hispanic Center, there is an estimate of 5.5 million children with unauthorized parents, three-quarters are of U.S. born citizens. Therefore, the U.S. born children are severely at risk of being separated from their undocumented parent(s). When a U.S. born child’s undocumented parent(s) is deported, he/she is faced with many difficulties and is effected in a numerous of ways. U.S. born children struggle to survive after their parent(s) are deported. Because of the recent intensification of immigration enforcement in America, the children have been put at risk of being separated from their parent(s), economic hardships, and psychological trauma. The children of undocumented immigrants are just as vulnerable to the immigration enforcement. When a parent who is the provider of the household gets deported, the entire family undergoes a traumatic shift, because they are left to struggle through economic hardships, and are impacted emotionally. A study released by the Center for American Progress (CAP) revealed a high number of fathers being deported which have led to many single- mothers households, many of whom that do not have a well-paid job and lack health care/public benefits due to the mother’s status (“Falling Through the Cracks” 2012). Not only does this affect the families living situation, but it also affects the children because of the absence of the parent. On some occasions, when a parent is deported, he/she has the decision of leaving or bringing the children with them, either option affects the children because of the living adjustments that they endure. When a child is deported along with his/her parent(s), he/she undergoes a drastic adjustment to a different culture, living environment, and school system (“Falling through the Cracks” 2012). However, some of the children are rather unfortunate due to the fact that both parents can end up being deported or detained; they are left behind with other family members and are significantly impacted emotionally and socially. Moreover, the family members who take in the children are left with the burden of economic hardships, because they hesitate to seek assistance from the state in fear of additional arrests of other family members. Randy Capps, along with Cataneda, Chuadry, and Santos explain the immediate impact of deportation on the children and families in their report Paying The Price: The Impact of Immigration Raids on America’s Children: ICE’S processing and detention procedures made it difficult to arrange care for children when parents were arrested. Many arrestees signed voluntary departure papers and left the country before they could contact immigration lawyers and their families. Some single parents and other primary caregivers were released late on the same day as the raids, but others were held overnight for several days. Many of the arrested parents were afraid to divulge that had children because they believed that ICE would take their children into custody as well (2). Undocumented immigrants in America live in fear of deportation, but their children and families are the ones who truly suffer from the consequences when they are deported. Deportation is not the only issue that undocumented parents have to worry about, because their children are also vulnerable to inadequate health care. Children of undocumented parents experience many difficulties such as living in poverty, having diminished access to food and health care, and limited educational opportunities. A majority of Immigrants “hesitate” to seek health insurance...
Cited: Capps, Randy, Rosa Maria Castaneda, Ajay Chaundry, and Robert Santos. Paying The Price: The Impact of Immigration Raids on America 's Children. Rep. N.p.: Urban Institue, 2007. Print.
Chaudry, Ajay, Randy Capps, Juan Manuel Pedroza, Rosa Maria Castaneda, Robert Santos, and Molly M. Scott. Facing Our Future: Children in the Aftermath of Immigration Enforcement. Rep. N.p.: Urban Institute, 2010. Print.
"Disappearing Parents: A Report on Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System." Disappearing Parents. N.p., 2 May 2011. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
Dreby, Joanna. Disappearing Parents. Rep. American Progress, Aug. 2012. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
"Falling Through the Cracks." Immigration Policy Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.
Gusmano, Michael. "Access to Health Care for Undocumented Immigrants as a Family Health Issue." Undocumented Patients. N.p., 10 Oct. 2012. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.
Passel, and Cohn. "A Portrait of Unauthorized Immigrants in the United States." Pew Hispanic Center RSS. N.p., 14 Apr. 2009. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
Preston, Julia. "Risks Seen for Children of Illegal Immigrants." New York Times 21 Sept. 2011: n. pag. Print.
Sherman, Christopher, and Ramit Matsi. "Many Immigrants Hesitate To Seek Health Insurance." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.
"Undocumented Americans." American Psychological Association, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
Wessler, Seth Freed. "Report: Immigration Enforcement Takes Heavy Toll On Kids’ Physical And Mental Health - COLORLINES." N.p., 6 June 2013. Web. 01 Feb. 2014.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document