Effects of Crime on Economic Develoment

Topics: Crime, Criminology, Violent crime Pages: 14 (4444 words) Published: June 18, 2013
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.0Introduction
This chapter contains the background of the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, objectives, significance, delimitation and limitations of the study, operational definition of terms.

1.1.Background of the Study
Economic development cannot be attained in the absence of peace and security or in the absence of respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The researcher is of the opinion that economic development, social development and environmental protection are Interdependent and mutually reinforcing components of sustainable development, which is the framework for people’s efforts to achieve a higher quality of life for all people. It goes without saying that Kericho district, like other districts in Kenya, should share the conviction that economic development and social justice are indispensable for the achievement and maintenance of peace and security within the district. This study seeks to ascertain the impact of crime on the economic development at Kericho district.

1.2 Statement of the Problem
Crime is a universal social phenomenon in that it threatens the safety and security of people, their property, and their sense of well being, social order and most importantly, it reduces people's quality of life (Ntuli 1998:2). If the quality of life experienced by the individual and the community is affected by crime, then crime itself can be viewed as a social problem. In the light of the above comments, the researcher is concerned with rise of crime at Kericho area, which is ear marked for development It has been argued that the Criminal Justice System with its three components, namely police, courts and correctional services institutions are either doing little or helpless to combat or prevent crime in this country particularly in Kericho district.

It is an indisputable fact that where there is a high rate of Crime, one cannot expect viable infrastructure, i.e. telecommunication, roads, water, accommodation, electricity, business, etc. it is the researcher's concern that if crime prevails at these above mentioned areas and is not prevented by means of well thought of strategies: there will be unbeatable high rates of unemployment is one of the major causes of poverty, social disorganization, subculture, violation of human rights, etc. Police statistics show that all stakeholders (i.e. Residents of the area, businessmen, Telkom, agricultural officers, etc.) are equal susceptible to crime and victimization at these areas as they are now, perceived as "no go areas". The prevention of criminal victimization should be prioritized at these areas because it undermines the society and may handicap, menace and prevent its successful growth and viable development as well as preventing the inflow of monetary benefits forthcoming from the above developers.

1.3 Purpose of the Study
In view of the prevailing high crime rate in Kericho district, it then becomes necessary to highlight the impact of crime on development as it probably exists at Kericho region.

1.4 Research Objectives
1.4.1 Broad Objective
1. The Impact of Crime on Economic Development in Kericho district

1.4.2 Specific Objectives
The study will be guided by the following objectives;
a) ascertain if there is any relationship between escalating crime levels and unemployment in Kericho; b) determine impact that the crime has on development in Kericho; c) determine what impact the political affiliation of leaders has on community development in Kericho

1.5 Significance of the Study
The study would be beneficial to different cadres of stakeholders concerned with matters to do with crime and development. Policy makers in the local government and ministry of security would benefit from the study as it shows the impact caused by crime in the economic development of the country. They will also understand the general causes of crime and what can be done to manage...
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