effects of computers in the society

Topics: Computer, Personal computer, Computing Pages: 6 (2110 words) Published: October 28, 2013
The effects of computers on the world
In our societies today, no one could really predict the actual effects of computers, but the changes that have taken place on the people’s daily lives are actually evident. The manner in which people over depend on the computers technology has rapidly increased and has brought several changes on the economic sector, political sector, and the education sector. The computers could possibly isolate from each other. They could also alter the face-to-face communication between people(Misa 52-63). This paper focuses on the discussion about the effects of computers on the world. Introduction

In the last decades, there has been a very high revolution in communication and computing. All the researches shows that use of the information technology and the technological progress would continue growing at a very high rate. The evidence and support of the increased use and power of technology is the decreasing costs of communications due to increased competition and improved technologies(Yusuf 1-5). These improvements and advances bring about several benefits to the society but at the same time, they bring some major challenges to the society in general. Currently, computer and information technology innovations bring about wide-ranging impacts to different fields in the society. The fields include electronic commerce through the internet where business transactions done through the internet. The computer technology of e-commerce has just been inexistence for a few years but its effects have greatly altered the social environment and economic activities. The e-commerce affects sectors such as finance, retail trade, and communication sector(Eason and Robey 72-77). A computer is an electronic tool that receives, accepts, and processes information through following a given set of instructions to generate an efficient and accurate outcome. Today’s computers are the work of innovations that started during the Second World War(Pylyshy, Bannon and Joseph 200-213). The way representing information in a physical object and then obtaining the results through the manipulation of the object is a very old way. Through the traditional world, people used various devices like knotted twine, notched bones, and the abacus to perform some calculations and represent information. During the 16th century, mathematicians invented calculators that used clockwork mechanisms that are not computers in the modern society. Today’s computers are automatic hence; they could perform tasks without any human involvement(Eason and Robey 67-77). Literature review of the effects of computers on the world

There research on the actual effects of computers on the world is until now very scarce but it represents a good percentage of the real picture of the impacts of computers. Bork (1980) suggests that learning should use computer as their support. Bork also suggests that there is a lot of support for the use of computers in learning as shown through the research of the voters in the United States that supported the expenditure on information and communication technology than any other expenditure in the education sector(Bork.A 4-13). Maverick, Light & p.h (1992) states that when computer learning was first introduced in schools the people thought that the computers could teach students like the teachers(Mevarech, A.R. and lIGHT 12-17). Balli, Wright, Foster & P.N. (1997) found out that computer technology in schools made teachers to realize the capabilities of students on how to use the computers. This aspects made many schools to change their perceptions about the computers and then increased confidence among the teachers and students on how to use the computers(Balli, S.J and Wright 26-34). Follansbee, Gilsdorf, Stahl, Dunfey, Cohen, Pisha & Hughes (1996) argues that the teachers who uses and accesses computer leaning and online access acquires a very wide range of information from other teachers and students, and...

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Bork.A. "Preparing student-computer dialogs;Advice to teachers." computer in the school (1980): 15-52.
Borrios. "laptops for learning:final report and recommendations of the laptops for learningtask force." multi-method case stuydy (2004): 12-65.
Eason, Ken and Daniel Robey. Managing Computer Impact. United Kingdom: Intellect Books, 1986.
Fallansbee, et al. "the role of online communication in schools." a national study peabody MA center for applied special technology (1996): 23-85.
Goulekas, Karen E. Visual Effects in a Digital World. United Kingdom: Morgan Kaufmann, 2001.
Mevarech, et al. "Peer based interaction at the computer." looking backword,looking forward (1992): 275-280.
Misa, Thomas J. "Understanding ‘How Computing Has Changed the World’." IEEE Annals of the History of Computing (2007): 52-63.
Pylyshy, Zenon W., Bannon and Liam Joseph. Perspectives on the Computer Revolution. United Kingdom: Intellect Books, 1989.
Radke, Richard J and Richard J. Radke. Computer Vision for Visual Effects. United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Tierney, et al. "a longitudinal study of the influence of high computer accesson students." ACOT report (1992): 10-46.
Willoughby, Teena and Eileen Wood. Children 's Learning in a Digital World. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2008.
Yusuf, Dr A. "The impacts of computers on our society ." University of Ilorin (2007): 1-8.
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