The Effects of Bipolar Disorder on an Individual
The Effects of Bipolar Disease on an Individual
How does an individual with Bipolar disorder lead a normal and productive life? Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by cycles of depression and euphoria or mania, the symptoms of both the depressive and manic phases can be devastating for the individual who suffers Bipolar disorder. An overview of the disease itself can give a better understanding of its process and the way that affects an individual. Bipolar disorder is a mentally debilitating disease that takes a toll of an individual’s life by affecting the daily life, family and social relationships, parenting, and the ability of an individual to care for themselves, work, and school. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder sometimes called manic-depressive illness or manic-depression characterized by cycles of depression and euphoria or mania. Sometimes the mood switches from high to low and back again the changes are dramatic and rapid, but more often they are gradual and slow, and periods of normal mood may occur between the manic and depressive phases of the condition. The symptoms of both the depressive and manic phases may be severe and often lead to impaired functioning. Bipolar disorder types:
Bipolar I disorder involves periods of severe mood changes from manic phase into depressive phase. Bipolar II disorder is a milder form of mood elevation, involving milder episodes of hypomania that alternate with periods of severe depression. Cyclothymic disorder describes periods of hypomania with short periods of depression that are not as extensive as those seen in full depressive episodes. Mixed bipolar episodes are periods that simultaneously involve the full symptoms of both a manic and a full depressive episode. It is marked by grandiose feelings with racing thoughts. At the same time, the person is irritable, angry, moody, and feeling bad. Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder is characterized by four or more mood changing episodes in a time period of a year. The episodes last for some number of days in order to be considered clearly different episodes. Some people also experience changes in polarity from high to low or vice-versa within a single week, or even within a single day. Rapid cycling can occur at any time during the progress of illness, although some researchers believe that it is more common at a more advance stage of the illness. Women are more likely than men to have rapid cycling. A rapid cycling pattern increases risk for severe depression and suicide attempts. Antidepressants are believed to trigger and prolong rapid cycling in bipolar disorder. However, that theory does not have enough evidence and continues being study. (WEBMD)
According to an article published in the March Archives of General Psychiatry more than 4 percent of Americans meet the diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder, as compared with a worldwide average of about 2 percent, this study was conducted in a one on one interviews with 61,392 individuals selected at random from different countries..
Diagnosing Bipolar disorder can be challenging, as there are many other disorders that present similar symptoms to Bipolar disorder, there has to be a thorough physical and psychological examinations, gathering a patient's family history is extremely important in obtaining the right diagnosis, According to Kay Redfield Jamison PhD manic depression has a very strong genetic component, she said, "it is important to take a very thorough family history of mood disorder and suicide, in addition to inquiring about mood lability, irritability, euphoria, history of euphoria, hyper-sexuality and grandiosity--in other words the classic symptoms of mania, racing of thoughts, lessening of sleep“. (Manic Depressive Disorders and Recurrent Depression Volume I) One of the most common mistake when diagnosing a bipolar illness occurs when...
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