With the first sign of war, American's took a stand of neutrality. However, the worldwide destruction that Hitler's Army unleashed made it more and more difficult for America to remain a neutral nation. Prior to officially entering WWII, America monetarily aided Britain, France and the Soviet Union through the Lend-Lease Act. Subsequent to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt created the War Production Board where he appointed the executive vice president of Sears- Roebuck, Donald Nelson, to organize the nation's resources for an all-out war effort. Roosevelt believed that "in a capitalist country, you have to let business make money out of the process [of war] or business won't work." Roosevelt also believed in the close collaboration of business and government.
The partnership of big science, government and big business established in the1940's created a firm foundation for future projects. Scientists were commissioned to perfect new weapons and other products. In addition to the development of the atomic bomb, American scientists also improved radar, developed jet engines and penicillin. During WWII business executives were offered key positions under Roosevelt in an effort to unite industry with government. Because of collaboration with the government, industrial production and corporate profits nearly doubled, as they found demand in markets that previously had not existed. The Office of Price