Effect of Slavery

Topics: African American, Racism, United States Pages: 10 (2964 words) Published: September 3, 2013
Shock Doctrines: Slavery and Polices that have shaped the conditions of black america

Barnesev
AFAS 260
July 20, 2011

Table of Contents

Introduction3

Brief History of Enslavement3

Racial Discrimination Alive and Well4

Jim Crow Laws Versus The New Jim Crow4

Psychological7

Education8

Culture: African American Community10

Conclusion12

References13

Introduction
Social injustice has affected our society since the beginning of its existance. Our status as one of the world most industrialized wealthy nations, and as a world power primarily led to slavery. The institutionalized systematic abuse that supassed humanity during the slave era still has lasting and lingering affects on our society today. Power, privilege and free labor build wealth for the wealthy elite, white males; all at the expense of an oppressed society. In its verb form slavery was a double crime to the many that were subjected to it. It dehumanized them by forcing them into servitue and it denied them the basic right of life, liberty and justice.

African American history started in the seventeenth century with the indentured servitude in British North America. Since that time, African Americans have been subjected to many events that have shaped their existence. The slavery era has provided ongoing issues for African Americans. Throughout this report we will look at the lasting affects of slavery status of the African American today.

Brief History of Enslavement

The enslavement of Africans in the United states began the seventeenth century. More specifically, slavery became rooted in the British North American Colonies in the period after the arrival of the first Africans in Jamestown in 1619, one year before the pilgrims first reached Massachusetts (Taylor, 2009). Many historians characterize the enslavement of Africans as beginning with the 20 blacks brought to Jamestown by way of a Dutch vessel (Taylor, 2009). However, slavery in British North America was not formally fixed until the 1660s. By 1690, all the British colonies in British North America had enslaved Africans. By 1675 there were only about five thousand Africans enslaved in British North America, and only twenty-seven thousand by the 1700s (to include African, Native Americans and Whites).

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, eighty-nine percent of the black in America were enslaved. However the nineteenth century marks the destruction of slavery. Through the Civil War four million African American men and women were freed. Over two hundred thousand African American men fought in the Civil War for their freedom and thousands of African American women assisted them. Though they were given their freedom, African American were denied rights as citizens in this domocratic world.

Racial Discrimination Alive and Well

Jim Crow Laws Versus The New Jim Crow
Jim Crow laws consisted of any laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between 1877 and 1950s. The purpose of these laws was to prevent any contact between Blacks and Whites as equals. Poor Whites, during this period, were offered privileges, labor deals and positions to police Black slaves as a racial bribes (Alexander, 2010). This created a personal interest of poor whites in the existence of a race-based systems of slaver (Alexander, 2010). The Consititution was designed with language deliberately colorblind and to weaken the federa overnmentss juridiction in regulating the rights of states to conduct their own offairs and private property. During this time Black slaves were viewed as private property instead of human beings.

Slavery has always been a system designed to benefit wealthy White men, so when the thirteenth amendement abolished slavery the Jim Crow laws were created as a new system. As mentioned, these laws were created to ensure the...

References: Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow. New York, NY: The New Press.
Dumas, J. (2004). 24 reasons why African American suffer. Chicago, IL: African American Images.
Kunjufu, J. (2004). Solutions for Black American. Chicago, IL: African American Images.
Taylor, Q. (2009). America I am black facts: the timelines of African American history, 1601-2008. New York, NY: Smiley Book.
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