EDUCATIONAL WASTAGE: A CASE STUDY OF UPPER PRIMARY SCHOOL GIRL DROPOUTS IN OTONGLO ZONE, KISUMU MUNICIPALITY
BY SUSAN M. OMBATI.
Reg No.: No: L50/70596/09
A Research Proposal Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management of the University of Nairobi.
To my loving dad, Ombati J. Monari for the labour of love and belief in me. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I acknowledge God’s faithfulness and amazing provisions this far and in the future. During the entire course I have received, and continue to receive, a lot of encouragements and support from many people. Time and space cannot allow me to mention you all by name. This however, does not limit in any way my indebtedness to you all. Special mention goes to my supervisor, Dr. Odundo for his tireless efforts in guiding my ideas. I am as well indebted to my lecturer Dr. Rambo, without whose knowledge this work would not have materialised. I cannot fail to mention Mr. Mbura of University of Nairobi’s Kisumu Extra Mural Centre who encouraged me to join the programme. I am as well very grateful to my colleagues at work especially Mr. Tom Adero for their untiring support. Last but by no means least, I am grateful for the untiring efforts of Njoroge wa Wahome of Intelex ICT Solutions who typeset and flawlessly formatted this report. DECLARATION BY CANDIDATE
This research proposal is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any other university. No part of this research may be reproduced in any means or form without the prior consent of the author or the University of Nairobi. ___________________________
DECLARATION BY SUPERVISORS
This research proposal report has been submitted for examination with our approval as university supervisors ___________________
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DECLARATION BY CANDIDATE
DECLARATION BY SUPERVISORS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF APPENDICES
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
DE-LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY
DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS
THE CASE OF KENYA: ENROLMENT vs COMPLETION
SCHOOL BASED FACTORS
Sanitation and Hygiene Conditions
HOME BASED FACTORS
Low Level of Education of Parent(s)
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS
The Effect of HIV/ AIDS Pandemic
Early Pregnancies and Early Marriage
Lure of Domestic Labour in Cities
Perception That Girls Cannot Perform as Well as Boys in School
Socio-economic Returns of Girl Education
Low income of parents and Direct Cost of Education
POLICY AND POLITICAL FACTORS
United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals
Free Primary Education.
POPULATION AND SAMPLE
DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURES
LIST OF APPENDICES
Female Dropouts Questionnaire
Free Primary Education
Federation of African Women Educators
General Enrolment Rate
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