Educational Preparation

Topics: Nursing, Nursing care plan, Higher education Pages: 3 (966 words) Published: January 18, 2013
Educational Preparation: ADN VS. BSN

Nursing can be defined as the care of individuals and communities. “Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations." [ (Definition of Nursing, ANA) ] To be a registered nurse, ADN would be the minimum requirement. ADN is a short term course for nurses which include fundamentals of basic courses in nursing and will be able to take NCLEX-RN to get an entry to the job. BSN is a bachelor's degree in nursing and it takes four years to complete. Students can join directly into a four year program after high school or enter into two year associate degree first and then obtain BSN through special programs, but ADN is cost effective and time saving, and good for those who are not seeking high ends of education. RN acts as a bridge to Baccalaureate (BSN) and BSN program to MSN. ADN VS. BSN - Difference in competencies

ADN gives the knowledge and skills for an entry-level job. It includes the fundamental of nursing, infection control, basic microbiology, basic medical nursing, etc. BSN program provides advanced clinical training like leadership, critical thinking, and communication skills. The main differences in competencies are: ADN cannot make critical thinking and decision making while BSN can make critical thinking and decision making in emergency situations. Critical thinking is an important factor of nursing process and problem solving. Quality care can bring positive outcome. An ADN can take care of the patient and give education to a certain level only, but a BSN will be able to design and implement good comprehensive nursing care plan and conduct clinical programs, in-service education, skill fair, etc. and evaluate the outcome. They can act as a team leader and delegate...

References: ADN vs. BSN: The differences? Retrieved from
Definition of Nursing Retrieved from
American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) Fact Sheet: Creating a More Highly Qualified Nursing Workforce Retrieved from
Conceptual Foundations: The bridge to professional nursing practice Chapters 1 and 5 Retrieved From
“Educational Levels of Hospital Nurses and Surgical Patient Mortality” by Aiken, Clarke, Cheung, Sloane, & Silber from the Journal of the American Medical Association (2003)
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