Education System in Malaysia

Topics: Education, Educational psychology, Learning Pages: 7 (2624 words) Published: July 25, 2013
In Malaysia, there are many education systems that had been used such as Primary School Old Curriculum (KLSR), Primary School Integrated Curriculum (KBSR) and Primary School Standard Curriculum (KSSR). KBSR is one of the education policy that had brings many achievement and successful in education system. In addition, to improve current education system, KBSR makes few changes in two aspects which are curriculum and school culture. In each category, there are its own aim and target to develop. In order to develop children as learners through KBSR, teachers must grounded into four principles which are integrated approach, holistic development of individual, one education for all and life-long learning. The aim of KBSR want to provide primary school pupils with language and arithmetic skills that enable them to communicate and solve problem in daily life for their future. Furthermore, the changes of KLSR to KBSR are not only in curriculum but also in school environment. KBSR was implemented for trial in 1982 and a year after that which is 1983 it is fully implement in all primary schools. First of all, teachers or educators must know the definition of twenty-first (21st) learners because all of them will face students from that live in 21st century or known as generation Y and Z. According to Barnett (2010) “Twenty-first-century learning means that students master content while producing, synthesizing, and evaluating information from a wide variety of subjects and sources with an understanding of and respect for diverse cultures. Students demonstrate the three R’s, but also the three C’s: creativity, communication, and collaboration.” Then they must analyze and know each student’s potential. When educators know their students potential and characteristics it is easy for them to using various teaching skills in each class they teach. Based on the definition above, the 21st learning contains of three R’s and four C’s which are reading, writing, arithmetic, creativity and innovation, critical thinking and problem solving, communication and collaboration. All of the elements above are supported by learner attitude and motivation to learn, thoughtful engagement, effective use of technology also life and career skills. Besides that, to realize this plan teachers also need to nurture or implant important element based on National Philosophy of Education (NPE) which are cognitive, psychomotor and affective domain with balance and harmonious. In addition, to make this plan successful, someone who are capable, knowledgeable and experiences in teaching profession should hold this responsible. Hence, the products of this plan should be blend with skills, knowledge and values to succeed in work and life for their nation and future. As we know, children who live in 21st century are different from other century because they had been exposed to high technologies since they were born. Besides that, all of them are from generation Y and Z and they need adult to guide and assist their while they are growing up. As a teacher who is teaching 21st century children, they need to know each characteristics of generation Y and Z. Generally children from generation Y are tech savvy, achievement-oriented, team-oriented and attention seekers meanwhile for generation Z are children tend to tech savvy, social, multitasking and speedy. Generation Y is consists of people who are relying on technology or tech savvy to do complete their jobs. All of them are grew up with technology such as mobile phones, laptops and prefer to communicate through internet compare to face to face. Meanwhile achievement-oriented means generation Y have high confident level and wants meaningful works also like to seek out new challenges. Next is team-oriented which is they like to work in group and usually they are loyal and committed while doing the jobs. Lastly for generation Y is attention seekers which mean they really need someone who can guide and be their mentor to...
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