Education System in India

Topics: Education, Higher education, School Pages: 2 (619 words) Published: August 20, 2013


There is a well known phrase that “KNOWLEDGE IS POWER”. In human life, at every moment we are learning some new things.
Education, a systematic learning process, is an important activity in society to understand the world around us and to create further innovations to improve human lifestyle.

Even before Christ birth, many educational institutions were functioned in India. We also should not forget that our ancestors were experts in Vedas, medicine, astrology and astronomy etc., The famous Gurukul system of education, where students used to go to a teacher's (Guru) house and stayed as long the guru felt that he had taught everything he could teach. The modern school system was brought to India by Lord Macaulay in the 1830s. Teaching was confined to classrooms. The curriculum was confined to “modern” subjects such as science and mathematics. The Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE), set up in 1935, continues to play a lead role in the evolution and monitoring of educational policies and programmes. In1952, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) formed to control education system to decide on curriculum, textbooks and examination systems. This board functions successfully even today within India and in many other countries. Government of India announce School Education Policies at the national level periodically and State governments implementing it. The literacy rate of India as per 2011 census was 75% wherein it was 65% in 2001. Now, Tamilnadu is in 7th state with literacy rate at 80.3%. With 95%, Kerala is the highest literacy rate in India. Education today:

In India, School education system had four different category viz., lower primary, Higher primary, secondary and higher secondary education. But, There are different education streams like Central Board, State Board, Matriculation, Anglo-Indian etc.,. Now Tamilnadu Government has introduced Samacheer Kalvi Which,...
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