Education System in India

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Understanding the Indian Education System
India today is the second largest higher education network in the world.
Universities in India are set up by the Central or State Governments by means of legislation, while colleges are established by either the State Governments or private bodies / trusts.
All colleges are affiliated to some university.
The different types of universities are:
Central or State Universities -- while the former are funded directly by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, the latter are set up and funded by the various state governments.
Deemed Universities - which enjoy the same academic status and privileges as a university. Examples are the Deccan College of Post Graduate and Research Institute, Pune; Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai; Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore; etc.
Institutions of National Importance
They are university-level institutions that are established or designated by Acts of Parliament and funded by the Central Government.
Most universities are 'affiliating universities', which prescribe to the affiliated colleges the admission criteria and courses of study, hold examinations and award degrees.
University departments impart postgraduate education and conduct and promote research in a variety of disciplines.
Undergraduate and, to some extent, postgraduate instruction is imparted by the colleges affiliated to a particular university.

Classification of Colleges:
Colleges in India come under four different categories.
This categorization is done on the basis of the kind of courses offered by them (professional/ vocational) / their ownership status (Private/Government) or their relationship with the university (affiliated/university owned).
University Colleges
These colleges are managed by the university itself and situated mostly in the university campus.
Government Colleges
The government colleges are few, only about 15-20 percent of the total. They are managed by state governments.
As in case of

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