Education and Methods in Context
The Education specification
1 The role and purpose of education, including vocational education and training, in contemporary society • Functionalist and New Right views of the role and purpose of education: transmission of values, training workforce • Marxist and other conflict views of the role and purpose of education: social control, ideology, hegemony; ‘deschoolers’ (Illich, Friere): socialisation into conformity by coercion • Vocational education and training: the relationship between school and work: human capital, training schemes, correspondence theory.
2 Differential educational achievement of social groups by social class, gender and ethnicity in contemporary society
• Statistics on educational achievement by class, gender and ethnicity; trends over time • Social class and educational achievement: home environment; cultural capital, material deprivation; language (Bernstein); school factors, relationship between achievement by class in education and social mobility • Gender and educational achievement: feminist accounts of gender-biased schooling; the concern over boys’ ‘underachievement’ and suggested reasons; subject choice; gender identities and schooling • Ethnicity and educational achievement: patterns; reasons for variations; multicultural schools, the relationship between class, gender and ethnicity • The effects of changes on differential achievement by social class, gender and ethnicity.
3 Relationships and processes within schools, with particular reference to teacher/pupil relationships, pupil subcultures, the hidden curriculum, and the organisation of teaching and learning • School processes and the organisation of teaching and learning: school ethos; • streaming and setting; mixed ability teaching; the curriculum; overt and hidden • The ‘ideal pupil’; labelling; self-fulfilling prophecy • School subcultures (eg as described by