EDUCATION PROBLEM IN INDONESIA
Alfarian David Undana, Kupang
This paper aims to provide a snapshot of the quality of education in Indonesia which is in poor situation compared to some foreign countries. The causes that lead to low quality of education in Indonesia like problem on effectiveness, efficiency and standardization of teaching. Some of the solutions are provided in order to resolve this issue with the hope that the quality of education in Indonesia could be better in the future and be able to compete with other countries. Keywords: Education, effectiveness, efficiency, Teacher, Student
Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran tentang kualitas pendidikan di Indonesia yang sedang terpuruk dibandingkan dengan beberapa negara luar. Penyebab-penyebab yang mengakibatkan rendahnya mutu pendidikan di Indonesia seperti masalah efektifitas, efisiensi dan standardisasi pengajaran. Beberapa solusi diberikan guna menyelesaikan masalah ini dengan harapan kualitas pendidikan di Indonesia bisa lebih baik kedepannya dan mampu bersaing dengan negara-negara luar. Kata kunci: Pendidikan, Efektifitas, Efisiesi, Guru, Murid
The quality of education in Indonesia is still in very low level of competition and relevance (Parawansa, 2001; Siskandar, 2003; Suyanto, 2001). Report of the United States Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 2005 revealed that the quality of education in Indonesia occupies position 110 out of 117 countries.
According to the survey of Political and Economic Risk Consultant (PERC), the quality of education in Indonesia was ranked 12th out of 12 countries in Asia. The position of Indonesia is under Vietnam. Data reported on The World Economic Forum Sweden (2000), Indonesia has a low competitiveness, which ranks only 37th out of 57 countries surveyed in the world. And yet according to a survey by the same institution predicated Indonesia as a follower and not as a technology leader of the 53 countries in the world.
UNDP and PERC reports indicate that the quality of education in Indonesia is still relatively low, it can be seen from many policies (laws and regulation) that need to be improved and in term of implementation that even until now with less strict supervision.
Entering the 21st century education in Indonesia is in an uproar. It was not caused by the greatness of the quality of national education but more on awareness of the dangers caused by the backwardness of education in Indonesia. This is because some of the basic things. One of them is entering the 21st century wave of globalization is felt strong and open. Advance of technology and changes bring to a realization that Indonesia is no longer standing alone. Indonesia is in the midst of a new world, the open world where people are free to compare life to another country.
What we feel now is the lag in the quality of education. Both formal and informal education and the results were obtained after we compare it with other countries. Education has become the support in improving Indonesia's human resources for nation development. Therefore, we should have been able to increase human resources in Indonesia who can compete to human resources of other countries.
Low quality of education in Indonesia was also shown in Data Research and Development (2003) that of 146,052 primary school in Indonesia there was only eight schools that are gained worldwide recognition in the category of The Primary Years Program (PYP) and out of 20,918 junior high schools in Indonesia there was only eight schools that gained worldwide recognition in the category of the Middle Years Program (MYP) and from the 8036 high school there was only seven schools that gained worldwide recognition in the category of the Diploma Program (DP).
The cause of the low quality of education in Indonesia, among others, is a matter of effectiveness, efficiency and standardization of teaching. It is still a problem of education in Indonesia in...
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