Topics: Higher education, India, Education, Secondary education / Pages: 10 (1843 words) / Published: Jun 9th, 2014


Anjana dhingra*

Dr.Abha mittal**

*Research scholar,sri Venkateshwara university,gajraula

**Supervisor, Maharaja agarsen college,Delhi university.


Education in India today is nothing like it was in Pre-Independence and Post-Independence Era. Education System in India today went through a lot of changes before it emerged in its present form. Present education system in India is also guided by different objectives and goals as compared to earlier time. Present system of education in India, however is based around the policies of yesteryears. After independence, it was on 29th August 1947, that a Department of Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was set up. At that time the mission was the quantitative spread of education facilities. After, 1960’s the efforts were more focussed to provide qualitative education facilities. The present research focus on steps through which our indian education system had gone through. The basic moto of this research is to show that india has done serious efforts in education nd has shotremendous development but it is still lacking in comparison with developed nations. This study is an effort to suggest some measures for its improvement.


Education in every sense is one of the fundamental factors of development. No country can achieve growth without substantial investment in human capital. Education improves the quality of their lives and lead to broad social benefits to individuals and society. Education including formal education, public awareness and training should be recognized as a process by which human beings and societies can reach their fullest potential.

The pre british indian Education system comprised of three types

Elementary education

Secondary education

Higher education

Although Higher education is seen as the producer of elite class in society which largely contribute in the system

References: Ministry of Human Resource Development. (2001). Selected Educational Statistics 2001-2002, Government of India, New Delhi. Ministry of Human Resource Development. (2001). Annual Report, 2003-2004, MHRD, Government of India, New Delhi. Shukla, Snehlatha, (1998).Attainment of Primary School Children in India, NCERT.Strides in Education in India, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India Registrar General and Census Commissioner. (2001).Census of India 2001. Provisional Population Totals Paper-I of 2001, Controller of Publications, New Delhi. Ministry of Human Resource Development, Analysis of Budgeted Expenditure on Education 2000-01 to 2002-03, Government of India,New Delhi.

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