Topics: Higher education, India, Education Pages: 10 (1843 words) Published: June 9, 2014

Anjana dhingra*

Dr.Abha mittal**

*Research scholar,sri Venkateshwara university,gajraula

**Supervisor, Maharaja agarsen college,Delhi university.


Education in India today is nothing like it was in Pre-Independence and Post-Independence Era. Education System in India today went through a lot of changes before it emerged in its present form. Present education system in India is also guided by different objectives and goals as compared to earlier time. Present system of education in India, however is based around the policies of yesteryears. After independence, it was on 29th August 1947, that a Department of Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was set up. At that time the mission was the quantitative spread of education facilities. After, 1960’s the efforts were more focussed to provide qualitative education facilities. The present research focus on steps through which our indian education system had gone through. The basic moto of this research is to show that india has done serious efforts in education nd has shotremendous development but it is still lacking in comparison with developed nations. This study is an effort to suggest some measures for its improvement.


Education in every sense is one of the fundamental factors of development. No country can achieve growth without substantial investment in human capital. Education improves the quality of their lives and lead to broad social benefits to individuals and society. Education including formal education, public awareness and training should be recognized as a process by which human beings and societies can reach their fullest potential.

The pre british indian Education system comprised of three types

Elementary education

Secondary education

Higher education

Although Higher education is seen as the producer of elite class in society which largely contribute in the system of governance. The dawn of independence saw the significance of higher education in its reach and coverage. At the time of independence, there was bleak situation of higher education in India as the three important indicator:the number of Educational institutions, the number of teachers and the students enrollment in Education.


First objective of the research is to get a understanding of various Educational changes that have taken place in India from pre Independence era.

To study various Act launched for Education growth.

To Find current scenario of Education sector in India

To suggest some meaningful meausures to improve our Education sector.


The study is based upon secondary data. Data has been collected from various sources like,UNESCO,UNTDA.Statistical figures are main vehicle to achieve objective. It has studied internet research as well as policy papers and other official documents.


The changes which we are watching today due to education are may be because of various policy of government .Few of them are following:

The National policy on Education 1986 had underscored the constitutional resolve to provide quality Education to all.under this policy government decided to review the growth and development of higher Education through five year plan which paid rich dividend in promoting education in India

The Eighty sixth constitutional amendment act in December 2002,made elementary Education a fundamental right for all children in the age group of 6-14.

The Government initiated the scheme of area intensive program for Educationally backward minority and scheme of financial assistance of madrasa Education as part of its revised programme of action(1992).

Taking into consideration the need for technical Education so that skill is acquired, the Government took steps to open industrial training Institute, medical colleges,polytechnics. At present...

References: Ministry of Human Resource Development. (2001). Selected Educational Statistics 2001-2002, Government of India, New Delhi.
Ministry of Human Resource Development. (2001). Annual Report, 2003-2004, MHRD, Government of India, New Delhi.
Shukla, Snehlatha, (1998).Attainment of Primary School Children in India, NCERT.Strides in Education in India,
Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India
Registrar General and Census Commissioner. (2001).Census of India 2001.
Provisional Population Totals Paper-I of 2001, Controller of Publications, New Delhi.
Ministry of Human Resource Development, Analysis of Budgeted Expenditure on Education 2000-01 to 2002-03, Government of India,New Delhi.
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