The factors that could contribute to good/poor performance in any school and specifically in Makini School can be categorized into four:
1. School-based factors
2. Teacher-Based factors
3. Pupil-based factors
4. Community-Based factors
1.SCHOOL BASED FACTORS
a. Commencement of learning: The time allocated for teaching and learning is a factor influencing pupils’ academic performance. There are three school terms every year with holidays in between in the months of April, August and December.
Research has shown that majority of schools start learning after the first week of the school term. This indicates that there is a lot of time wastage before learning begins. Besides,most schools loose many teaching/ learning hours at the beginning of the term. This wastage leads to less work being covered and syllabus not being completed on time hence contributing to poor performance in KCPE examinations.
b. Adequacy of Learning Resources: The adequacy and use of teaching and learning materials affects the effectiveness of a teacher’s lesson. Teaching and learning resources enhances understanding of abstract ideas and improves performance. Adequate learning resources like text books,improvised weather instruments,relevant child friendly library books, wall maps and the exercise books are of paramount importance. This makes learning easier of subjects like Social Studies very abstract to the pupils.
Further still,it has been proven that school facilities have a direct effect on teaching and learning. Text books enable the pupils to follow the teacher’s sequence of presentation and aids in understanding of lessons.
c. School Administration :The quality of school administration plays a vital role in academic performance as it is concerned with pupils, teachers, rules, regulations and policies that govern the school system. In analyzing the efficiency of school administration, the following aspects ought to be
References: 1.Eshiwani, G. S. (1983). Factors Influencing Performance among Primary and Secondary School Pupils in Western Kenya Province. A policy study. Bureau of Educational Research, Kenyatta University. 2.Maiyo. J. A. & Ashioya, L. A. (2009). Poverty Alleviation: The Educational Planning Perspective. Department of Educational Planning and Management, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology. 3.Michael, K. Miguel, E. & Rebecca, T. (2004). Incentives to Learn, BREAD working paper Number 086, Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development. 4.U.S.A. Ngugi, P. (4th January, 2007). “400,000 Assured of Places …”. In the Daily Nation. Nairobi: Nation Media Group Ltd. 5.Schneider, M. (2003). Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes?