The island of Jamaica is located in the Caribbean Sea in Central America, south of Cuba. It acquired independence from Britain in 1962. It has a population of 2.6 million as of 2000 and a surface area of 10,990 sq/km, therefore making the density 236.6 pop/sq km. When compared to the United States' 282 million population in a 9.6 million sq/km surface area, (making the density 29.4 pop/sq km), one is able to recognize one of the major problems Jamaica is faced with: overpopulation. Jamaica which is classified as a lower-middle income country has a gross domestic product (GDP) of $8.10 billion dollars in 2003 while the U.S. which is a high-income country has a GDP of $10,948 billion in the same year. Jamaica's human development index is 0.736 to America's 0.944 and is ranked 98/177 in the world. Jamaica and the United States are close in their life expectancy years at birth: 71 and 77.03 respectively. HIV is very high in Jamaica as it has infected 1.2 percent of men and women 15-49 years of age to America's 0.6 percent. This does not mean America has less people in the country infected than Jamaica; actually the statistics would show that 1,692,000 Americans would be infected to 31,200 Jamaicans. It is however a high percentage of person to be infected for such a small population. Jamaica has a higher percentage rate of school enrollment than that of America in 2003: Jamaica has 94.7% while the States have 94.3%.
Jamaica like many of its neighboring countries strives to improvement their economy. For many developing Caribbean countries Agriculture, Natural minerals and Industrial produce plays a major part of their earnings. Many of these countries produce sugar, bananas, coffee, citrus fruits, allspice and tourism such as Antigua, British Honduras, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Montserrat, St. Kitts/Nevis/Anguilla and St. Vincent, Bahamas and Haiti. Jamaica and Guyana are famous for bauxite and alumina exports to markets such as the U.S.,...
References: CIA World Fact Book https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/
United Nations Development Programme Report 2005, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_literacy_rate
U.S. Department of State http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2032.htm#history
Human Development Index, www.hdr.undp.org
The World Bank, www.worldbank.org
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