Economic Sustainability - Indian Railways

Topics: Indian Railways, Mumbai, Ministry of Railways Pages: 19 (5799 words) Published: February 25, 2012
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Indian Railway
Indian Railways has 114,500 kilometers of total track over a route of 65,000 kilometers and 7,500 stations. It has the world's fourth largest railway network after those of the United States, Russia and China. The railways carry over 30 million passengers and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. It is the world's second largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with more than 1.36 million employees As for rolling, IR owns over 240,000 (freight) wagons, 60,000 coaches and 9,000 locomotives. Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, meter and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities. Indian Railway in a nutshell

Industry Founded Headquarters Area served Services

Railroad 16 April 1853 New Delhi, Delhi, India India Passenger freight services bus transportation travel parking other related services 98,000 crore (US$21.56 11) railways agency services lot operations billion)(2010–

Revenue Net income

9,595 crore (US$2.11 billion)(2009–10)

Owner(s) Employees Divisions Website

Government of India (100%) 1,361,519 (2010) 17 Railway Zones

Organisational structure
Indian Railways is a department owned and controlled by the Government of India, via the Ministry of Railways. As of May 2011, the Railway Ministry is headed by Dinesh Trivedi, the Union Minister for Railways, and assisted by two ministers of State for Railways. Indian Railways is administered by the Railway Board, which has a chairman, five members and a financial commissioner. Railway zones Indian Railways is divided into zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions. The number of zones in Indian Railways increased from six to eight in 1951, nine in 1952 to sixteen in 2003 then to seventeen in 2010. Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of sixty-eight divisions. Each of the seventeen zones is headed by a General Manager (GM) who reports directly to the Railway Board. The zones are further divided into divisions under the control of Divisional Railway Managers (DRM). The divisional officers of engineering, mechanical, electrical, signal and telecommunication, accounts, personnel, operating, commercial and safety branches report to the respective Divisional Manager and are in charge of operation and maintenance of assets. Further down the hierarchy tree are the Station Masters who control individual stations and the train movement through the track territory under their stations' administration. Sl Date Rout . Abb Headquart Name Establish e Divisions N r. ers ed KMs o 1. 2. 3. 4. Central CR East ECR Central East Coast ECoR 1951-11-05 3905 2002-10-01 3628 2003-04-01 2572 1952-04 2414 Mumbai Hajipur Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur, Nagpur Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai, Samastipur, Sonpur

Bhubaneswar Khurda Road, Sambalpur, Visakhapatnam Kolkata Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda

Eastern ER

Sl . N o 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.


Abb r.

Date Establish ed

Rout e KMs

Headquart ers Allahabad Gorakhpur Jaipur Guwahati Delhi


North NCR Central North NER Eastern North NWR Western Northea st NFR Frontier Norther NR n South SCR Central

2003-04-01 3151 1952 3667

Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi Izzatnagar, Lucknow, Varanasi Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur Alipurduar, Katihar, Rangia, Lumding, Tinsukia Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow, Moradabad

2002-10-01 5459 1958-01-15 3907 1952-04-14 6968 1966-10-02 5803 2003-04-01 2447...
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