Ecology

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In ecology, competition occurs between any organisms living in a mutual habitat. Competition can either be harmful or helpful to each organism, whether it is for food, water, shelter, etc. There are two basic types of competition: intraspecific competition or interspecific competition. Intraspecific competition is the competition that occurs between the individuals of the same species (T. Smith & R. Smith pg. 222). On the other hand, interspecific competition is the competition that occurs between the individuals of the different species (T. Smith & R. Smith, pg. 257).
In this experiment, three basic experiments were conducted. The goal was to observe the effects of the competition in each instance. The first one was to observe the intraspecific competition between the mustard plant species. The second one was to observe the intraspecific competition between the wheat plant species. The third one was to observe the interspecific competition of the mustard and the wheat plant species together. It was hypothesized that the species in the interspecific competitions would have greater production than their counterparts involved in the intraspecific competitions. Furthermore, as the density of the intraspecific and interspecific competition species increased, the production of the plants decreased.
As following the procedure, the proper time and treatments were given to each pot for the plants to grow. Then appropriate data was collected for further analysis. There were several calculations included in the expression of the data, such as per plant biomass, baseline per plant biomass, standardized per plant biomass, and the average of standardized per plant biomass (Appendix A: Tables 1, 2, 3 and 4). The calculated data was used to construct the scatter plots, such as intraspecific competition on mustard (Appendix B: Graph 1), intraspecific competition on wheat (Appendix B: Graph 2), and the interspecific competition on mustard and wheat (Appendix B: Graph 3).
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