Eco- Resort

Topics: Sustainability, Natural environment, Environment Pages: 6 (1919 words) Published: November 24, 2012
Hotel and Resort Management
Assignment Diploma Fall 2012

Title:Growing trend: Eco-resorts
Tutor:Mr. Hailstones
From:Katy Hui Man Ying
Course:Diploma 2
Submission Date:Week 15
Word count:1,553

Table of Contents
Introduction3
Criteria of Eco-resorts4 – 6
Benefits of Eco-resorts6 – 7
Considerations on Eco-resorts7 – 8
Conclusion8
References9 – 10

Introduction
There are researches done by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP, 2005) indicate that, from 1994 to 2004, the international economic sector of tourism industry has grown by 25%, contributing to 10.4% of the world’s total GDP. To aid the growth of tourism, the UNEP, connected with the World Tourism Organisation, has released the report titled Making Tourism More Sustainable: A Guide for Policy Makers. The report emphasizes the importance of tourism hoteliers to make efficient effort to maintain the environmental sustainability. According to World Wildlife Fund (2010), eco-resorts are “types of resorts in which eco-efficiency measures are adopted throughout the lifecycle of the building, ranging from orientation, design, operation and maintenance”. Dowling (2000) also defines the eco-resort, quoted as followings: “An eco-resort is a self-contained, upmarket, nature-based accommodation facility. It is characterised by environmentally sensitive design, development and management which minimizes its adverse impact on the environment, particularly in the areas of energy and waste management, water conservation and purchasing.” (Dowling 2000: 165). To summarise the above, eco-resorts are not just focusing on the operation process, but from the concept design until the sustainability of the on-going policies. This paper is going to explore the principles of eco-resorts, also analysing the benefits and the disadvantages of eco-resorts. Criteria of eco-resorts

The Sharetime Magazine (2011) suggests that eco-resorts include the theme of re-use, re-cycle and reduce. As mentioned before, in order to claim that is an eco-resort, there are several criteria to be covered. Environmental factors should be considered during the design stages of the resort. Murphy (2008) suggested that the landscape features need to be appealing to guests and efficient to operate. Bohdanowicz (2003) pointed out that resorts are built “to provide comfort and services twenty-four hours a day, year round”. This shows that the consumption of the resorts is massive and non-stop. Green-orientated landscape features can be added during the design stages in order to carry out the green policies in the operations. One of the most significant examples of green-orientated landscape is the green roof. According to the EPA, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (2012), a green roof is a ‘vegetative layer grown on a rooftop’. The green roof helps cool down the temperature in the area through evapotranspiration. During the process of evapotranspiration, water from the rooftop soil is absorbed and enters the plants in the transpiration process. The water is then evaporated by the sun through evaporation (Wark, 2010). The other main benefit from implementing a green roof is that the air quality will be improved by a green roof (Martin, 2008). It works as a natural air-cleaner as green plants absorb carbon dioxide, the most common automobile emission, and release oxygen. In addition, as resorts are massive in energy consumption, it is efficient and beneficial to design a building-integrated photovoltaic. The building-integrated photovoltaic is solar electricity systems which are built into a building, instead of added on a building later (Gold Coast Energy, 2012). Solar energy is known as one of the most effective renewable energy source. The research carried out by Roisin (2012) points out that the amount of incident solar energy on earth each year equals to 1500 times the world’s annual energy use....

References: Dissabandara, R. (2010). International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment. Eco Friendly Resort For Tourism: A Case Study at Ulagalla Resort.
 Dowling, R. K (2000). Ecoresort. In Jafari, J. (editor). Encyclopedia of tourism. Routledge, London; 2000. pp. 165.
Eco green Hotel.com
Entergize. (2012). Patented Entergize Key Card Technology. Available from: http://www.entergize.com [Accessed 17 November 2012]
EPA
Gold Coast Energy. (2012). What is Building Integrated Photovoltaics. Available from: http://www.goldcoastenergy.com.au [Accessed 19 November 2012]
LEED
Murphy,P. (2008). The Business of Resort Management. New York: Routledge.
Pacific Institute. (2011). Hidden Oasis: Water Conservation and Efficiency in Las Vegas. Calculation of Potential Water Savings at Resorts and Casinos.
Radcliff, M. (2012). Ways to stop pollution. Available from: http://greenliving.lovetoknow.com [Accessed 11 November 2012]
Roisin, B
Sutherland, L.J. (2008). Solar Energy Advantages Disadvantages: Solar Energy Problem Solved. Available from: http://ezinearticles.com [Accessed 20 November 2012]
TATOC
Townsend, A. (2011). Malta Green Hotels Guide. Available from: http://www.projectgaia.org [Accessed 20 November 2012]
UNESCAP
United Nations Environment Program and World Tourism Organization. (2005). Making tourism more sustainable: a guide for policy makers. Madrid: UNEP and WTO.
Vickers, A. (2001). Handbook of Water Use and Conservation. Waterplow Press: Amherst, Massachusetts.
Wackernagel, M. and Rees, W.E. (1997). Resort Development Handbook. Washington D.C.: Urban Land Institute.
Wark, C. (2010). Cooler than Cool Roofs: How Heat Doesn’t move through a Green Roof, Part 2 Evapotranspiration. Available from: http://www.greenroofs.com [Accessed 19 November 2012]
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