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ECE332 Assignment 1 Table

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ECE332 Assignment 1 Table
ECE332
Assignment: Theory Summary
Directions: Using the concept summary in Chapter 2 of our text, fill in the blanks for each of the developmental theories. Provide examples from your own experience or the textbook in the last column. Next describe your ideal theory of child development, combining the elements that you believe would encapsulate your own beliefs and experiences
Approach
Theorist
Underlying Model
Theoretical Beliefs/Assumptions
Key Terms
Example
Humanistic
Maslow
Organismic/ Contextual
All individuals are unique and whole, and strive toward the fullest development of their potential.
Meta- and basic needs, self-actualization, peak experiences

Behavioristic
Pavlov,
Watson

Skinner

Bandura
Mechanistic

Mechanistic/ Organismic

Contextual/ Organismic
Child learns through conditioning of reflexive behaviors.

Changes in behavior are a function of reinforcement and punishment.

Observational learning leads to developmental change; our ability to anticipate the consequences of our behavior is fundamental.
Reflex, conditioned stimulus and response

Reinforcement, punishment, shaping

Imitation, self-efficacy, social/cognitive, reciprocal determinism
Little Albert

Skinner box."

Bobo doll experiment
Cognitive
Piaget

Information Processing
Organismic

Mechanistic/ organismic/ Contextual
Child develops cognitive skills through active interaction with the environment.

Development is a process of learning to represent, process, store, and retrieve information.
Stages, assimilation, accommodation, equilibration

Memory, perception, thinking, symbolic representation, computer models

Biological Ecological Approaches
Bowlby

Vygotsky

Bronfenbrenner
Organismic

Organismic/
Contextual

Organismic/ Contextual
Social behaviors have a biological basis understandable in evolutionary terms.

Human development is highly dependent on culture and language.

Development results from a complex series of interactions and

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