October 24, 2014
Ebola Outbreak 2014
In March 2014, West Africa suffered for a first time from the most deadly epidemic disease called Ebola since it was discovered in 1976. Ebola is a viral disease caused by virus called Ebola which is named after the Ebola River in Zaire. “Ebola virus, having five known subtypes, is part of the family of filoviruses and causes the infectious disease Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Tekman)”. According to WHO, a total of 9216 confirmed, probable, and suspected cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in seven affected countries (Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Spain, and the United States Of America up to 14 October, 2014). Therefore, stopping the disease from spreading further is vitally important. At this moment, the virus is not readily transmissible through air, but a large outbreak gives it more chances to evolve to spread more easily between humans. In fact, Ebola is a serious international health issue waiting for immediate and careful action to prevent further infection and other possible threat such as bio terrorism. Firstly, the infection can be identified with symptoms that are uncommon for the flu, including malaise, fever, and muscles pain. With the progress of infection, patients experience acute bleeding and coagulation abnormalities such as a rash and gastrointestinal bleeding. In Western Africa funeral is the major source of transmission of this disease since majority of Islam practice the burial of a body. Experimental vaccines and treatment of Ebola are being tested on animals now, therefore danger comes from the fact that if it got widespread it would definitely cost a lot to stop it. Although person recovered from Ebola cannot transmit virus to others directly but it stays in semen for longer duration so there is possibility of transmission through sexual intercourse. Symptoms usually includes high fever, joints...
Cited: Amanda M. Teckman. “The Bioterrorist Threat of Ebola in East Africa and Implications for Global Health and Security”. Global Policy Essay (May2013). Web. 21 Oct.2014.
World Health Organization. “WHO: Ebola Response Roadmap Update” 17 October 2014. Web. 21 Oct. 2014.
Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). “Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease)”. Oct 2014. Web 21 Oct. 2014.
UN News Centre.” Ban Urges International Community to Escalate Ebola Response Amid Worsening Outbreak”.2014. Web. 21 Oct 2014.
U.S Department of Defense (DOD). “DOD helps fight Ebola in West Africa Operation in United Assistance”. 2014. Web .Oct 21, 2014.
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