A. HISTORY OF VIRUS
1. AFRICA, ZAIRE
B. SYMPTOMS AND AFFECTS
1. BLEEDING, HEMORRHAGING
2. DEATH W/IN 20 DAYS
1. NONE KNOWN
D. INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS
2. HISTORY OF VIRUS
A. WHERE IT STARTED
B. HOW IT IS SPREAD
1. NON AIRBORNE
2. BODILY CONTACT
C. WHERE IT EXISTS TODAY
3. SYMPTOMS AND EFFECTS
A. SEVERE FEVER, ABDOMINAL PAIN
1. INSIDES "MELT"
B. DEATH RATES AND TOTALS
2 SURVIVORS, BUT EBOLA VIRUS AS THE CAUSE WAS NOT
A. NONE KNOWN CURES, RESEARCH BEING PERFORMED ON
Ebola virus is a relatively recently discovered virus, that when it infects
humans, caries with it a 50-90% fatality rate. Symptoms of this deadly virus
include Sudden Fever, Weakness, Muscle Pain, Headache, Sore Throat, Vomiting,
Diarrhea, Rash. Internal results include Limited Kidney Function, Limited Liver
Function, and Internal and External Bleeding.
The incubation period for the Ebola virus ranges from 2 to 21 days, depending
upon the method of infection. A direct inoculation of the virus into the bloodstream of
a human will bring about symptoms markedly faster than other forms of less direct
contact. The virus is present in the male's reproductive fluids, and can be transmitted
through sexual contact for up to 7 weeks after clinical recovery from the Ebola virus.
The Ebola virus can be diagnosed with laboratory testing of blood specimens
under maximum containment conditions - because of the high risk of infection to those
handling infected blood.
There is currently no treatment or vaccination available for the Ebola virus.
Transmission of the Ebola virus occurs by direct contact with the bodily fluids
of patients infected with the virus. The handling of chimpanzees that are either ill or
have died from the Ebola virus can also transmit the virus.
Any suspicion of infection with the Ebola virus should be treated with extreme
caution: immediate isolation from other patients and strict barrier nursing techniques
must be practiced. All instruments, clothing, or biological matter must be either
disposed of or thoroughly disinfected immediately.
The initial outbreaks of the Ebola virus occurred in 1976. Springing forth from
unknown origins, this virus held the nations of Zaire in fear as it quickly claimed the lives
of many of it's citizens. As this was the first recorded outbreak of the Ebola virus, the
medical community was unsure of how to handle Ebola. The level of care in Zaire during
this outbreak was very low, and as a result of the many infected victims congregated in
public areas, the virus continued to spread among the denizens of Zaire. The intervening
years have slowly produced scientific data on the nature of the virus - yet treatment is still
unavailable for those infected.
The first outbreak, as stated earlier, occurred in Zaire in 1976. This first outbreak
was followed by one in western Sudan, also in 1976. In total, these two outbreaks have
been traced to the deaths of 340 people - resulting from the 550 plus cases that were
identified in these two nations. After lying dormant for several years the Ebola virus once
again made it's presence known in 1979. Once again, no cause was identified as 34 cases
of Ebola were identified in Sudan. This occurrence brought the deaths of 22 patients -
showing a fatality rate of more than 60%, just as in the 1976 outbreaks.
The next instance of humans contracting the Ebola virus occurred in 1995. The
Ebola Zaire strain was discovered once again on April 10, 1995 when a patient
hospitalized for what was believed to be Malaria infected the surgical team during an
operation. Those involved with the operation developed symptoms indicating a viral
haemorrhagic fever disease. This outbreak...
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