The Unhealthy Effects of Eating Disorders
Life Span Development for the Health Professions
February 05, 2015
Professor Rebecca Ramirez
Society is sending a message to young women and men that in order to be beautiful and succesful then you have to be skinny. This notion of losing weight at all costs is causing eating disorders. The effects of eating unhealthy can be deadly. This paper explores the unhealthy effects of eating disorders.
The Unhealthy Effects of Eating Disorders
Have you ever looked in the mirror and wish you could do something about your weight? After all, what hamburger loving American can't afford to shed 5–10 extra pounds? In 1970 when slim became the new curvy, woman—and men alike, became more concerned about their appearance. Gone are the days when a woman could be proud of her perfect hour glass figure. With the invention of a slim waist line, there also came the birth of eating disorders. From anorexia to bulimia, men and women seem willing to do what ever it takes to follow the newest fad. Eating disorders have an unhealthy effect on the human body, and the consequences are deadly.
Merriam Webster defines anorexia as “a serious physical and emotional illness in which an abnormal fear of being fat leads to very poor eating habits and dangerous weight loss.” (Merriam Webster). Anorexia can additionally be defined as being 15% under the average weight for your gender, age and height. (Help Guide). “2,000 calories is a rough average of what people eat in a day. But your body might need more or less than 2,000. Height, weight, gender, age and activity level all affect your caloric needs.” (HowStuffWorks). People who suffer from anorexia consume a restricted diet, less than 2,000 calories per day, which causes the body to go into starvation mode and leads to fatal consequences. For the purposes of this essay “starvation mode is defined as a concept where your metabolic rate declines during the process of caloric restriction or weight loss to such a degree that further weight loss becomes impossible or weight gain occurs.” (Examine).
Occasionally, one who suffers from anorexia might experiment with other strategies to reach their target goal. Bulimia is a type of anorexia and also “a serious physical and emotional illness in which people and especially young women eat large amounts of food and then cause themselves to vomit in order to not gain weight.” (Merriam Webster) The difference between anorexia and bulimia is those with bulimia not only have the desire to lose weight they also have the desire to over eat unhealthy foods and binge. People who suffer from bulimia feel bad for binging so they purge their body of all excess food. Most people who suffer from anorexia or bulimia will not admit that they have an eating disorder, so it's important to know what signs to look for. One who constantly binges and purges in an endless cycle is probably bulimic. Other symptoms of bulimia include lack of control over eating, secrecy concerning meals and eating inconsistently (ig. binging one day and fasting the next.) Also watch for frequent fluctuations in ones weight. It's normal for young adults to fluctuate in weight, but someone who suffers from anorexia/bulimia may lose/gain 10 lbs in a week. Some of the other symptoms that one who suffers from bulimia may observe include weight gain, abdominal pain, bloating, swelling of the hands and feet, chronic sore throat, hoarseness, broken blood vessels in the eyes, swollen cheeks and salivary glands, weakness and dizziness, tooth decay, moth sores, acid reflux/ulcers, ruptured stomach/esophagus, loss of menstrual periods, chronic constipation from laxative abuse, etc.
Anorexia has many symptoms. The first, and most obvious, symptom is dieting despite already being skinny. Anyone who eats a restrictive diet, less than 2,000 calories per day, and only eats low-calorie food is probably anorexic. Furthermore anyone...
References: (n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anorexia
(n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bulimia
Anorexia Nervosa. (n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.helpguide.org/articles/eating-disorders/anorexia-nervosa.htm
Anorexia Nervosa. (n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.healthline.com/health/anorexia-nervosa#Treatment5
Anorexia: What Causes People to Become Anorexic? (n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/eating-disorders/anorexia-nervosa/understanding-anorexia-basics
Health Consequences of Eating Disorders | National Eating Disorders Association. (n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/health-consequences-eating-disorders
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