Eating Disorders 1
The Different Types
Introduction to Social Work
December 2, 2008
Eating Disorders 2
The Different Types
Over the last several decades many teenagers are extremely concerned about the way the look whether it’s to them or to the opposite sex. Those same teenagers are looking at celebrities bodies in magazines and are becoming self-conscious about the body image compared to those celebrities. Unfortunately, in some cases, the concern these teens have for their bodies turns into something way more serious then how they look to the public. These teens are becoming more obsessed with their looks are developing a serious illness called an eating disorder. An eating disorder is a serious illness that develops when a person has become self-conscious about the way they look to society. Eating disorders, such as Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa, cause a dramatic change in weight, interferes with a person’s way of dealing with life, and damages vital human body functions. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa are the two major illnesses classified as eating disorders but there are also two minor disorders. Compulsive Overeating is when a person is caught in the vicious cycle of binge eating and depression and Night-Eating Syndrome is when the affected person wakes up multiple times during the night and is unable to fall back to sleep unless they eat some sort of food. All four of these disorders need to be taken seriously and should not be brushed off as nothing is wrong.
Eating Disorders 3
Having an eating disorder means that a person involves themselves in self-critical, negative thoughts and feelings about their body weight and food intake, and have eating habits that disrupts a persons normal body functions and daily activities. (Kids Health, 2008). Eating disorders affect some several million people at any given time, most often women between the ages of 12 and 35.Even though eating disorders usually happens to women some men can have an eating disorder as well. In America eating disorders are so common that one or two out of every one hundred kids will struggle with at least one of the four eating disorders. Unfortunately, many of the young people that have these disorders do an excellent job at hiding the symptoms from their loved ones. Teenagers can hide the fact that they have eating disorder for months or even years at a time and nobody will suspect that anything is wrong with them. The way eating disorders are caused in unknown even to this day but it is believed that a combination of psychological, genetic, social, and family factors all play a role in the development of an eating disorder. There is a huge gap between the way a person sees them and the way they actually look to the public. For girls, influences like pictures of models in magazines may pressure theses girls to be thin because to society thin is considered sexy or beautiful. With influences like this, the young women in America are getting more and more self-conscious about the way they look. This problem is not only just for women but men also feel pressured to be like models. Boys who participate in sports where weight is an issue and often boys
Eating Disorders 4
who experience issues regarding sexual identity are at risk of developing eating disorders as well. With self-consciousness on a downward slope it could cause an increase in the amount of eating disorder cases. Stress is also considered to be a factor in the development of eating disorders. Young teenagers that are also under a lot of stress can be subjected to eating disorders as a way to relieve the stress that is put on them by society. It does not matter if it is stress from school work or from a certain boy that a girl may have her eye on, stress is a factor in eating disorders. In many cases, eating disorders occur together...
References: Klein, Sarah.( 2001) "Eating Disorders Are Harmful." Opposing Viewpoints: Eating Disorders. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. Received November 18th, 2008 from the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database.
Montgomery, Charles. (2004) "Eating Disorders: Recovery Is Possible." Contemporary Issues Companion: Eating Disorders. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. Received December 2nd, 2008 from the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database.
Stunkard, Albert, Allison, Kelly, Lundgren, Jennifer. (2008) “Issues for DSM-V: Night Eating Syndrome”. Arlington: American Psychiatric Association. Received on November 28th, 2008 from the American Psychiatric Association website: http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/165/4/424
Tharp-Taylor, Shannah. (2005)"Anorexia Occurs Among African Americans." At Issue: Anorexia. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, .recieved December 2nd, 2008 from the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database.
Wolfe, Barbara. (2007) “Frequently Asked Questions: Bulimia Nervosa” At Issue: Bulimia. Chestnut Hill: William F. Connell School of Nursing. Received on November 23rd, 2008 from the Women’s Health Organization website: http://www.womenshealth.gov/faq/bulimia-nervosa.cfm#top
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