Adulthood Eating Disorders
There seems to be confusion regarding the differences between the three main types of eating disorders. The DSM-V( Diagnostic and Statistics Manual for Mental Disorders) that will becoming out next year helps break down the differences so we can understand the three main types of eating disorders. Anorexia Nervosa, a person with this eating disorders has a large fear of gaining weight and or becoming fat. A person with this mind set will do drastic things to make sure that they do not put on weight, for example limiting caloric intake and exercise more then need they to do because they have not eaten enough to burn the calories that they are using while exercising. A person who has Bulimia Nervosa may feel like a person with Anorexia but someone who is bulimic eats large amounts of food at one time and then goes and makes themselves sick and vomits the food up, the person may also choose to use supplements like laxatives or diet pills to help them lose the weight that they have put on by eating these large amounts of food. The last of the three main eating disorders is Binge Eating Disorder- or BED, a person with BED will eat large amounts of food, in a short of amount of time, after they eat all this food the person will feel fill and can also feel ill because of the amount of food they have just consumed. A person just does not do this once, but does this frequently and they feel that they have no control over what they are doing (American Psychological Association, 2011).With this eating disorder the people do not lose the weight they they put weight on, they tend to be overweight and or obese. After one eats the way a binge eater eats they suffer from guilt, shame and the become upset which can trigger another binging episode (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011). Another eating disorder that is nationwide is Obesity. Obesity is when a person has an excessive amount of body fat on them. When thinking about eating disorders there are a lot of misconceptions on who has them, why they have developed them. The usually suffers of an eating disorder are young girls and women. Boys and men suffer as well with eating disorders but we do not see that in society. Girls and women are usually the only ones that are shown to have such disorder but binge eating disorder can happen to anyone(American Psychological Association, 2011).
Eating disorders can begin anywhere from puberty to adulthood. Growing up with thinking that we are fat, ugly and no one will like us really takes a toll on someone mind and body. If people grow up in houses were they are always teased about how they look, dress and a daily reminder that they in other peoples are eyes are fat can lead the person to develop an eating disorder. Even when people have eating disorders they never look good to themselves even when others tell them they look great. The person tends to have very low self esteem(American Psychological Association, 2011). Not only are the people hearing that they do not look good at home but they my also be hearing it at school when they are in the locker room, they maybe hearing it from a coach because they are playing in a sport or activity that really only has smaller people in it (American Psychological Association, 2011). Another thing to look at when someone is suffering from an eating disorder is to wonder if they also have a mental disorder. One someone who is not happy with the way they look, how people think of them and how they think of themselves it can lead them to developing serious mental diseases like depression, an anxiety disorder and in some cases a substance abuse problem (American Psychological Association, 2011).
There are many ways that are fit to treat someone with an eating disorder. The Harvard Medical Journal states that
The goal of treating an eating disorder is to help a patient achieve a
healthy weight, exercise level and eating pattern; to eliminate...
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DeAngelis, T (2009). Goodbye, scale. Hello, health.
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Harvard Medical School. (v. 28). (2012). Boston, MA.
National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. (2012).
National Institute of Mental Health. (2011).
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