Early Civilization Matrix

Topics: Ancient Greece, Roman Empire, Ancient Egypt Pages: 8 (3342 words) Published: March 27, 2014
Early Civilizations Matrix
Using your readings and outside sources complete the following matrix. Be sure to address the following in your matrix: Provide names, titles, dates, brief descriptions of important events, and other details as necessary. Note the details of key political, socioeconomic, technological, artistic, musical, architectural, philosophical, and literary developments for each civilization listed in the table, which were evidenced in the humanities. Be sure to properly cite the sources that you use in completing this matrix.

Society/ Economics

“Division of Labor” which meant men hunted, and woman gathered. The specialization of traits between men and womanexisted since 250,000 or more years ago (Lyons, 2013)

Petroglyphs, megaliths, stone figures were created and built (State Hermitage Museum, 2011) Evolution of music was slow. Music may have started with drumming using sticks and stones to make music. There is no written music prior to the Egyptian time (Hollis, 2014) Caves, tent, or tent-like dwellings occurred possibly about 35,000 years ago. Real round swellings began to surface around 8,500 B.C. (Historyworld.com, 2014) During this period, there are no written documents of philosophies. The earliest form of literature was Cuneiform, in which was made up of symbols representing different things (Pope, 2014) Mesopotamian

They started building their own empires, iin which would have one king. Within societies/groups, people began taking on roles (Luoman, 2010) Agriculture and farming started trading and commerce (Dlott, 2002) Farming tools such as sickle, plows and hoes were used. More villages were created (Luoman, 2010). Sculptures representing the Sumerians were found in a temple from 2700 B.C. (Luoman, 2010). Evidence of written music, and musical instruments such as harps, were found as early as 2500 B.C. (Luoman, 2010) Columns and domes, in which were made of mud were reated by the early mestopotamians (University of Chicago, 2014) Creation of various gods and goddesses such as Sky-God, Enlil or Earth Goddess (Luoman, 2010) Cunieform tablets were found but were largely untranslated due to the complexities of its’ earliest language. Ancient Egyptian

Pharoahs had unlimited power over people, and had government that reported only to the pharaohs (“Ancient Egypt Government”, 2008) Fishing and farming was a huge intregal part of ancient Egyptians. Crops were used as taxes and mining was useful to produce goods (“Ancient Egypt Economy”, 2002) Usage of stones were used by highly skilled workers who used tools like saws, drills and polishers. Important figures and pharaohs had elegant burial mummy cases. Relief art was popular during this time. High and massive statues were also popular. Music was everywhere, in the temples, tombs, and palaces. The most common musical instruments were the stringed, wind, and percussions (“Music in Ancient Egypt:, n.d) Stones were used to build the Great Pyramids, tomb buildings, and statues, including temples. Bricks were also used. Wood was rarely used since there were little or no trees (Fadi, 2013). Stars and astronomy were huge and popular during this era. Egyptians believed in Heavens and seemed to notice the relationship between the sun and the stars (Eternal Egypt, 2005). Religious text including hyms, mythologies, ad it had stories, poems and texts which were written after 325 B.C. (“Ancient Eygptian Literature”. 2014). Archaic Greek

They had multiple self-governing states, and political standing was determined by age, foreign status, slave status, and by sex. Men had more political rights than women (History.com, 2014) Sailing was important because there were difficulties with farming. Fishing, trading and priacy was related to sailing. Sheep-herding and hunting was also used (Carr, 2014) Steam engines, water/air pumps were utilized during this...

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