August 28, 2013
Our brains are amazing. Hundreds of hours in research have given proof that our brains are constantly changing with learning and experience. Mindsets play a huge role in the way our brains absorb that knowledge. In this article, Dweck talks about fixed mindsets and growth mindsets. She explains how praise can affects students to change their mindset. And different types of praise affect mindsets and that in turn affects the way students learn.
Students with fixed mindsets believe that they have a fixed amount of knowledge. This particularly damaging to students because they believe that their fixed ability will not be enough to make them succeed and that makes mistakes and failures demoralizing. Students with growth mindset are the opposite. They believe that everyone has the potential to succeed and that they can approve their abilities with hard word. In short, students with a growth mindset believe that knowledge is something that is not given. They believe that knowledge is something that can be realized through learning.
Praise plays a part in this in a very big way. The way that teachers and parents word their praise has an incredible effect on students. For example, negative praise is
when we praise students for their intelligence, telling them, “You are smart at this.” A positive example of praise is when we praise them for their effort, such as, “You must work hard to know all this.”
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